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PART IV

BABY BOOK

   Natural Therapeutics has undoubtedly solved the problem of treating human ailments. All other schools and systems will in time have to adopt the natural way. It is the hub of the healing art; all therapeutic methods radiate from it like spokes from a wheel.

   Natural Therapeutics, however, has something better to give than treatment of disease, and that is prevention of disease. If children were brought into this world in the manner ordained by Nature and reared in harmony with the teachings of natural philosophy, disease would soon be a thing of the past. Human beings would then enjoy good health and be as beautiful and perfect in their kind as are animals, which live in the freedom of Nature, guided by instinct and therefore in harmony with the laws of their being.

   We must begin, then, with prevention, for prevention is always easier and cheaper, than cure. But where must we begin to study the prevention of disease? Some will say, "At birth, because that is the beginning of life." Not so: that would be too late. The mould is made and the foundation laid for health or disease, for happiness or suffering, for efficiency or deficiency, before the human being in process of creation sees the light of day.

   "Then," it may be said, "we must begin with prenatal influence, for the physical, mental, emotional and moral habits of the mother influence powerfully the development of the new life she is carrying." True—but we must start earlier than that. The making of the human being begins with mating and conception. All subsequent development depends upon the right start.

 

 

SECTION XXXII

Heredity

   1. Importance of Correct Mating. Of primary importance in the sacred rite of procreation, as already intimated, is mating. This should take place only between descendants of the same subrace, or of closely related subraces such as the Indo-Caucasian and Celtic.

   If the racial descent of the marriage partners is so far removed that it has produced pronounced differences in racial characteristic—as in the case of the swarthy Mexican and white skinned Englishwoman, or the dark eyed Magyar and blue-eyed Scandinavian—then procreation becomes miscegenation and degenerates into mongrelization of the offspring. Everywhere in the animal and human kingdoms Nature has set the mark of disapproval on the mongrel. The offspring of miscegenation is doomed to deterioration and extinction unless assimilation of the elements of a lower race by a higher takes place sparingly and gradually.

   The law of racial purity may be summed up as follows: When a member of a higher race cohabits with a descendant of a lower race, the offspring of the union loses more or less the characteristics of the higher race and reverts in physical, mental and moral traits to the level of the lower race.

   The constructive results of racial purity are evident in Hindus of the higher castes; in that portion of the Jewish race which in mating has faithfully adhered to the Law of Moses, and in the blond and blue-eyed remnants of the Indo-Caucasian and Celtic races in Northern Europe and North America. The destructive results of miscegenation are plainly evident in the mongrelized population of Mexico and everywhere in the half-breed and many kinds of mixed breeds. These usually fall below the physical, mental and moral standards of the parent stock, and almost invariably revert to the customs and habits of the inferior race.

   2. Use Heredity. Use heredity deals with the transmission to offspring of acquired physical, mental and moral characteristics of the parents. According to this law as it has been formulated, the chances of the offspring for long life, health, mental efficiency and moral stamina, other conditions being favorable, are better in direct ratio to the advancing age of the parents at the time of conception. While this is contrary to popular opinion, which assumes that younger parents produce more perfect offspring than older ones, the fact of use heredity is proved, both in the animal and human kingdom, by common observation and statistical evidence.

   The working of the law is based on the fact that the procreative elements of the parents, or rather the microzyma of those elements, cannot contain the impress of physical, mental and psychical characteristics which at the time of procreation were not developed in the threefold organisms of father and mother.

   The age of the father at conception is called the "birth age" of the offspring and determines its birth rank. While the father and previous male ancestors, for reasons hereafter explained, seem to exert greater control over the mental and physical characteristics, the mother furnishes the nutrient soil for physical growth. This does not mean that she exerts no control over the mental and psychical characteristics of the offspring; in addition to her influence through use heredity she has added opportunities through prenatal influence and postnatal training.

   According to this law, then, the chances of the offspring for excellent physical, mental and moral development become better as the age of the father at the time of procreation advances beyond thirty five; while the physical condition of the mother for reproductive function is best below thirty five years.

   But we must not overlook the fact that too great a discrepancy of age between the man and woman may become the cause of physical and mental incompatibility, of aversion and great unhappiness, especially on the part of the younger woman.

   Extensive statistical evidence seems to prove that the birth age of the mother has been of less importance than that of the father. As will be shown m Natural Eugenics, the majority of famous men in all lines or human endeavor had old male ancestors, while the mothers and previous female ancestors were of much younger age at the time of conception.

   This may be accounted for by the following reasons:

   The man is usually considerably older than the woman at the time of marriage. Men, as a rule, devote much more time and effort to acquiring a scientific, professional or business education than do women. This has been true in the past more than it will be in the future. Thrown early into the competitive struggle of life men generally have had to make greater mental and physical effort than have women.

   These points are of considerable importance because it has been proved that it is not inherited brain mass and mental capacity, but strenuous and persistent effort that intensifies use heredity. The earlier this begins and the longer it continues before procreation takes place, the better the chances of the offspring for physical, mental and moral capacity.

   The reproductivity of the mother has usually ceased at thirty-five. Though she be capable of childbearing a few years longer, usually conception has been avoided after that age. Men under favorable conditions remain reproductive to advanced age. Some of the world's greatest men descended from fathers over sixty years old.

   That intellectual and creative capacity has followed the male line of descent rather than the female line, is indicated by the fact that the high intellectual capacity of many eminent men has skipped their daughters to reappear in male descendants. This may be partly accounted for by the fact that the daughters in their limited spheres of activity have not had the opportunity to unfold inherent intellectual capacity to any conspicuous degree.

   There has been a tendency in some quarters to criticize the general entrance of women into professional and commercial life and to dilate upon the adverse influence this will have upon womanly characteristics and family life.

   In the light of the knowledge we possess upon the subject of use heredity, it is safe to say that any such problematical drawbacks will be far outweighed by the general postponement of the marriage age. This will insure not only better physical fitness but also higher intellectual development and greater moral stamina on both sides of parentage.

   The tremendous benefits which this increased hereditary endowment will confer upon future generations cannot be overestimated. Greater intellectual and economic equality between the sexes will emancipate woman from degrading sexual subservience. Under the old order, sex appeal was too often her only stock in trade by which to attract and hold the male and thus to secure a living. Economic independence will insure greater consideration and higher esteem for the woman on the part of the man. It will go a long ways toward solving the problem of birth control in a natural way, by leaving it more largely to the judgment of the mother.

   We find the law of use heredity according to birth age verified in the intelligence and moral development or obliquity of races, nations and tribes all over the earth—The lower the average birth age of a race or nation, the lower, other things being equal, the intellectual and moral development The greatest development and efficiency is found among those nations where marriage is delayed to a later age through custom, economic necessity, professional or military training.

   The following quotation from "Control of Heredity", by Casper Lavater Redfield, is of interest in this connection:

   "In general it may be said that wherever there are no restraints upon the sexual propensities, as with the Digger Indians, the Fuegians, the Andamanese, the Wauraus of the Guianas, the Bushmen and the tribes along the Gabbon river, there we find reproduction taking place at the earliest possible age, and the lowest grade of intelligence. Where we find some special circumstances or customs that delay the age at which reproduction takes place, as with the Patagonians, the North American Indian and the Polynesians, there we find considerably higher grade of intelligence.

   "Where we find the custom of marrying late in life, as was customary with the Greeks and the Romans, there we find a very high grade of intelligence. And where we find a fortuitous succession of very late births, there we find the very great men of the world's history.

   "In other words, the longer the time in which the individuals have in which to use, develop and strengthen their brains before reproduction begins, the greater and more powerful are the brains of their descendants."

   In Volume IV of this Series I shall quote elaborate and highly interesting statistics from Redfield, which reveal the effects of the various birth ages on physical, mental and moral characteristics. I shall confine myself, for the present, to the statement that, with few exceptions, the great artists, scientists, philosophers, statesmen and philanthropists were born from fathers whose ages ranged from forty to sixty-five years at the time of the procreation of their famous offspring.

   The existence of these laws and principles as facts in nature is very evident in the training of racehorses and of other animals along certain lines of proficiency.

   3. Pernicious Heredity. The effects of deteriorating and destructive heredity prenatal and congenital influences have been traced and commented upon in so many different ways that I do not believe it necessary to enter deeply into this phase of the subject. Various authors have filled entire volumes with the unsavory family histories of the descendants of the Jutes, Ishmaels and other drunkards, prostitutes, degenerates and criminals, which prove positively the transmission of morbid and pernicious traits through successive generations. It has been proved statistically beyond the shadow of a doubt that youthful delinquency, pauperism and criminality are the aftermath of immature marriages.

   The laws of use heredity and prenatal influence, like all other natural laws and principles, manifest along opposite lines of expression. It remains for us to determine whether we shall align ourselves with their destructive or constructive activities. The effects upon ourselves and our offspring will show accordingly.

   If I succeed in arousing the consciousness of prospective fathers and mothers to the glorious privileges and enormous responsibilities which these laws of nature confer upon them, then my labor will not have been in vain and I shall feel deeply gratified.

    

 

SECTION XXXIII

1. The Creative Alchemy of Love and Affection

   Procreation—as is the case with everything else pertaining to the constituents and functions of the human entity—takes place on three planes of being, the material (physical and spiritual), the mental and the psychical planes. Which of these elements shall predominate in the offspring depends upon the mixture and adjustment of qualities in the triune makeup of the mating couple. In order to fulfill the law and to draw the divine blessing upon themselves and the fruit of their union the partners in the procreative function must be united by the bonds of love, or at least by the ties of true affection.

   The source of creative genius is love and wisdom, and the essence of intelligence and power is sincerity and goodness. Without these, intelligence degenerates into selfish cunning, power into self-destructive brute force. The spring cannot rise higher than its source; its water cannot be pure and wholesome when contaminated by impure admixtures from filthy surroundings.

   It is not generally known that use heredity pertains to intellectual and psychical qualities, as well as to the physical material. Animalism breeds nothing but selfish animalism. The vampire who craves and absorbs the love of its victims and robs them of vital energy, without being capable of feeling or bestowing affection, is the child of a discordant union—of brute animalism on the part of the man, of secret aversion and hatred, usually, on the part of the woman. These bestial and degrading tendencies on the one side, and unrequited love craving on the other, breed sex perversion, and propagate the harpies who delight in the seductive power of superficial beauty, while gloating over the weakness and ruin of their victims.

   True love and affection, paired with intelligence and goodness; liberate the creative elements necessary to the production of perfect offspring.

   The finer qualities of mind and soul open the fountains of life on the higher planes, liberate and harmonize the male and female procreative fluids, and charge them with the purest and most potent intellectual, spiritual and psychical elements.

   The divine fire of creative genius burns only in the love aura of truly mated couples. It is true that these are rare under our artificial, unrighteous social institutions, and that accounts for the rarity of complete manhood and womanhood.

   Perfect offspring, endowed with beauty and power of body, mind and soul, destined to shed through life a radiance of health, happiness and helpfulness—to love and be loved—issues only from the union of love and affection with intelligence and goodness.

   "Love lieth at the foundation" (of all that is). "Love is passion, enthusiasm, affection, heat, fire, soul—God."

   To the extent that love enters into the holy rite, to that extent its attributes will be absorbed in the threefold organism of the woman and become active in the child building in her womb. While she loves her man more than ever, her most passionate affection is centered in the new being in process of development. On it she bestows the purest and best in her food and drink, in her thoughts, emotions and secret desires. Fear, worry, anxiety, jealousy and hatred are strangers to her soul; these are the emanations of the lower spheres—she lives in heaven.

   Somebody endowed with deep insight into these matters has said:

   "Whatever male and female shall truly will for, hopefully pray for and earnestly yearn for, when love pare and holy is the nuptive ascendant, in form, passional, affectional, divine and volitional, that prayer shall be granted, and the boon be given—but the prayer must precede."

   What are the direct effects of the marital rite upon the participants? If the sex attraction operates on the physical material plane only, if lust instead of love presides at the matrimonial feast, then temporary gratification of erotic craving will be followed inevitably by monotony, satiety, gradual revulsion and aversion, culminating in a morbid craving for change and variety. The partners in carnal self-indulgence are intuitively aware of these tendencies to marital unfaithfulness, and, therefore, easily dominated by distrust and jealousy.

   The procreative function is attended by complete satisfaction, buoyancy of body and mind and lasting happiness only when sex attraction operates on the higher and highest planes of being, as well as on the lower; when desire and impulse are operative on both sides. Thus only will the generative function fulfill its sacred purpose and confer the highest possible benefits upon parents and offspring.

   The woman, being the more highly sensitized, must be responsive to the call of holy passion. To force unwilling compliance will ruin the woman, kill her love and curse her offspring. Balzac says: "He who begins with his wife by a rape is a lost man." It is impossible for a wife to love unless she is won, not forced to compliance.

   2. Sexual Intercourse During Pregnancy. Sexual intercourse should be considered the most sacred function of the human entity. From the highest and best viewpoint it should be exercised only for the propagation of offspring. However, considering the present stage of ethical and moral development, temperate indulgence may not be wholly condemned. Excessive intercourse is always weakening and harmful to both participants. We must remember that the sex fluid is the carrier of the life force. It is that which constitutes strength, resistance to disease, initiative and genius. During abstinence from intercourse the sex fluids with their creative energy are absorbed through the inguinal glands into the organism and increase physical, mental, moral and spiritual capacity and energy.

   Set rules for frequency of intercourse cannot be given. This must depend entirely upon individual conditions. One safe rule is that after indulgence there should be no feeling of satiety, weakness and exhaustion. The more frequent the indulgence the stronger will grow the power of habit and of passion and the greater will become the abnormal craving. It is the same with all other appetite and passions. The more frequently they are indulged, the stronger they grow, until they attain complete control and develop into destructive habit

   A free and confidential understanding in regard to these matters between those who contemplate matrimony would go far to prevent marital misery. A great deal of unhappiness arises from the fact that mates in the matrimonial union often labor under misapprehensions concerning the attitude of each toward the sex relation, and are prevented by excessive sensitiveness and delicacy from frankly discussing it. (For further discussion of this subject, see page 390, Volume I.)

   There is no problem of married life that needs more thorough mutual consideration and understanding than this one. Lack of it accounts for a great deal of "incompatibility," loss of love, revulsion, hatred, and the final tragedy in the divorce court.

   Among animals, no female allows intercourse after conception. In this respect as in many others, man has sunk below the natural standards of the animals. No greater crime can be committed against the woman and the unborn life.

   It is a sad commentary on our system of education, scholastic as well as religious, that our young people are not instructed before and after marriage in these all important laws of Nature. To do this should be the province of the priest who unites them in marriage, or of the family physician, if the parents have failed in their duty.

   It is well known (notwithstanding the denials of medical skeptics) that the unborn infant may be "marked" by transitory impressions, especially by strong emotions; that even insignificant parental characteristics are reproduced in the offspring. Is it any wonder, then, that the most powerful of human emotions should leave its impress on the growing brain and sex centers of the fetus, causing abnormal and precocious sex consciousness?

   All too often is sex perversion born and bred in bone and flesh, before the child sees the light of day. The mother cannot be blamed for this "slaughter of the innocents"; she has not been instructed on the subject. Though she intuitively senses the horror of it, she submits, in order to maintain her hold upon the man—and many a life is thus cursed before it is born. The fault lies primarily with those of the medical profession who teach our young men that the free indulgence of sexual passion is not only legitimate, but a necessity to manly vigor.

   This dictum of pseudo-science is almost universally concurred in by spiritual guardians. No greater lie was ever promulgated from the blackest abyss of Hades. If our young men were taught that greater happiness is to be attained by the exchange of tender affection than by the indulgence of the coarser animal appetites, that the creative forces thus preserved develop and strengthen their own finest capacities of body, mind or soul, they would wisely and chivalrously protect mother and child, at the same time conserving their own physical and moral integrity.

   In no other way is it possible to call forth the deepest gratitude and unfailing esteem of a true woman. Many a man whom we have thus advised has become a lifelong friend in consequence.

   3. Limitation of Offspring. I believe that the unlimited production of offspring, encouraged in some quarters for swelling the ranks of religious bodies or for increasing tax paying and cannon-fodder material, is a misfortune, both to the family and to society. Limitation of offspring, in accordance with the means and circumstances of the parents, is not only justified but should be encouraged. In any case, the production of offspring entails great responsibility upon the parents and if they cannot properly comply with the needs and rights of their children, they fail in their responsibility and duty.

   Any method, however, which interrupts intercourse or prevents conception in an artificial way, is absolutely to be condemned, because this has very harmful and positively destructive effects upon the physical, nervous and mental organism of those who thus try to cheat nature by the suppression of a natural process. In our professional work we frequently meet the victims of such pernicious practices. The ordinary contrivances for prevention make of intercourse something akin to masturbation. This is also true of intercourse without orgasm which is strongly advocated under various guises. The use of poisonous antiseptics and germ killers in warm water douches is not essential for prevention, and is highly injurious. These chemicals have a tendency to poison the sexual organs and to produce in time atrophy, many kinds of female disorders, and tumors. Undoubtedly the greater number of so called female troubles and malignant tumors in later life are caused by curetments, antiseptic douches and the use of poisonous drugs, for producing abortion. The only legitimate methods of birth control are abstinence or common cleanliness.

   There is nothing more conducive to the physical, mental and spiritual health and development of a woman than childbearing and child rearing in harmony with Nature's laws, as outlined in these volumes. Under favorable conditions it is not a thing to be dreaded, but to be looked upon as the greatest of blessings and opportunities in the life of a woman. Natural philosophy and practice takes these problems of progeneration, childbearing and childrearing out of the domain of uncertainty and haphazard management with its dire consequences, and makes eugenics the most exact of all sciences and the sublimest and most enjoyable of all the arts.

   4. Determination of Sex. Numerous theories have been advanced concerning this interesting subject. Many attempts have been made to wrest from Nature the secret of sex determination and numerous more or less ingenious methods have been recommended for sex control.

   I know of one method only which seems to have a rational basis and which has proved of practical value. Observations seem to prove that the right ovary liberates male ova only, while the left ovary discharges female ova. The two ovaries discharge ova only at alternate menstruations.

   With this data at hand, it is possible to determine the sex of a child after one birth has taken place. Suppose the first child was a boy. By consulting our pregnancy table (page 377) we can determine when the last menstrual discharge took place. This menstruation liberated a male ovum; the next menstruation would liberate a female ovum, the next a male, etc.

   Thus, using the last menstruation period before the last conception as a fixed point, it would be possible, figuring from period to period, to determine the sex nature of the ovum to be discharged at each following menstrual period. Account is taken of all regular periods during the time menstruation is suspended in pregnancy. Thus, conception may be timed in such a way as to impregnate at will a male or female ovum.

   This solves in a simple, rational manner another of Nature's riddles, namely, the reason for the practically equal division of the sexes.

    

SECTION XXXIV

Prenatal Influence

   There exists just as much diversity of opinion among scientists concerning the reality of prenatal influence as about race heredity, use heredity, disease heredity and many other mooted problems of science and philosophy, which we shall study in Vol. IV of this series. In the following I shall present and examine impartially the various theories and opinions concerning prenatal influence; then we shall be better prepared to draw our own conclusions.

   1. Medical Science Denies Prenatal Influence. Medical men, as usual cocksure of the correctness of their theories and hypotheses based on the "latest discoveries", deny and ridicule the possibility of prenatal influence, and relegate it to the rubbish heap of popular superstitions. They base their judgment on the fact that no nerves pass from the body of the mother through the umbilical cord into the growing fetus in the placenta, which forms the soft protecting nest of the new life within the womb. They claim that since no direct nerve connection exists between the two, mental and emotional vibrations cannot be transmitted from the brain of the mother to the brain and nervous organism of the fetus.

   Are there no other means of communication between the mind of the mother and the brain of the unborn!

   In the volume dealing with Eugenics we shall learn how universal intelligence and creative will become individual intelligence and personal will.

   Cosmic vibrations do not flow into the gray matter of the human brain over coarse physical nerve tracts. They come over the psychical wireless which connects the human soul with the world Soul, the individual intelligence with the universal or cosmic intelligence the human will with the divine will.

   Since, as proved by modern brain and nerve anatomy, immaterial cosmic intelligence and "power to will" fashion the brain of the mother into physical material centers for the expression of human intellectual faculties, capacities and powers, why cannot these cosmic vibrations act in like manner over the psychic wireless through the soul and mind of the mother on the brain and nervous system of the fetal organism?*

   These epoch making discoveries and revelations of modern brain anatomy are explained in Vol. IV of this Series, Natural Eugenics—Man Building on the Physical, Mental and Moral Planes.

   Why should the wireless, which transmits impulses of intuitive intelligence from the great source of all intelligence and creative energy into the soul of the mother, cease to operate at that point, and fail to transmit its message to the brain and nervous system of the fetus which is most intimately related and connected with the organism of the mother?

   What about the phenomena of hypnotism? Absolute control of the subject's mind, through the intelligence and will of the hypnotist does not depend upon the existence of an umbilical cord and physical nerve connection between the two. The hypnotist, by silent command, may call his subject from a distance, far beyond the reach of his voice.

   People telepathically attuned may communicate in like manner, spontaneously, or by conscious intent. Why then should we doubt the possibility of vibratory correspondence between the mental and emotional conditions of the mother and the plastic nervous organism in process of development within her womb?

   If a complexity of sound can impress itself permanently upon the wax cylinder of a phonograph, or what is still more marvelous, if the photographic rays of passing scenes can be fixed and retained in the picture film, why should it be impossible for the mental and emotional vibrations of the mother to impress and modulate the molecular and cellular constituents of the fetal brain and nervous organism?

   I have compared this creative power of the mother mind to the process of electrotyping. As the particles of metal in suspension in the fluid adhere to the spoon that is to be coated with silver, so the atoms and molecules in the gray matter of the brain of the fetus group themselves in harmony with the thought forms and emotional vibrations of the mind and soul of the mother. While this mental and psychical electrotyping takes place automatically, the mothers brain and nerve molding power can be greatly strengthened and intensified by the conscious and voluntary operation of the psychical wireless that establishes vibratory oneness between her and the human entity in process of development within her own body.

   Thus it is revealed how a brain prenatally refined, organized and fashioned may endow the nascent individuality with certain aptitudes and talents along established paths of cerebration. There surely will be less resistance along such lines of physical, mental and moral endeavor than along other lines not prenatally influenced and molded. Therefore I strongly advise mothers, pregnant with new life holding marvelous possibilities for good or evil, not to be influenced by the superficial reasoning of materialistic science, but to follow the sacred intuition and impulse of their own creative genius in this, the most holy function of their being. Every normally constituted mother is intuitively aware of this wonderful power, and is willing and anxious to exercise it when her consciousness has been aroused to the great possibilities and responsibilities which the divine privilege of motherhood confers upon her.

   It is natural for us to admire a great artist who portrays the human form, true to life, on the painted canvas, or who fashions it from inanimate stone, metal or marble; how much more grand and godlike is the creative power of truly mated parents whose privilege it is to bring into the world, and to fashion according to their highest ideals, a human being endowed with life and intelligence, with the infinite possibilities of a new center of creative activity.

   Yet many mothers, totally ignorant of their divine creative privileges and possibilities, victims of physically and morally degrading marriage relations, and often filled with secret aversion or open hatred for their marital companions, pass unwillingly through pregnancy and not infrequently seek to destroy the new life. When the unfortunate victim of such marital incompatibility, conceived in passion and developing under the worst possible influences of mental and emotional discord, comes to arouse the maternal instincts of affection and devotion, then fear, anxiety and worry, like a continual nightmare, haunt the unhappy mind of the mother and impress their discordant vibrations upon the sensitive films of infant consciousness.

   Compare this condition of fear, apprehension and gloom in the mind and soul of an unhappy and unwilling mother, with the joyful and ecstatic state of mind of a mother conscious of the creative power of her intelligent will, who, from the time of mating and procreation, with accurate prescience prepares the most favorable conditions, astrologically, prenatally and postnatally for the finest development of the physical, mental and moral characteristics of the future world citizen

   The loftiest exaltation of a creative genius working in dead clay and cold marble cannot approach the ecstasy of a mother who has acquired a knowledge of the great laws which make possible the development of a perfect human being,-the embryo of a master, an angel, a being destined to be godlike in its faculties, capacities and powers!

   In place of fear and anguish of soul, what joy to the mother who knows that it lies within her power to prevent disease and degeneracy in her offspring; that the development of the child depends solely upon her own intelligent effort! Nothing is left to accident. Child bearing becomes an exact science, the most beautiful and inspiring of all arts and professions Under such conditions motherhood, instead of being the greatest of hazards and hardships, becomes a divine privilege and the highest achievement of human existence and endeavor. It falls short only of the creative work of the great Universal Intelligence whose instrument of creation is the mother.

   2. An Example from History. Let us consider the oft-quoted example of Napoleon Bonaparte. His mother, Lutitia Bonaparte, while pregnant with the future military genius, accompanied her husband on a military expedition, sharing with him the hardships and excitement of camp life, and the marches and battles of a military campaign. If there be nothing in prenatal influence, is it not singular that Napoleon should have become one of the greatest military geniuses of all ages, while not one of his many brothers ever exhibited enough military ability to make an efficient corporal? What was it that favored or determined the birth of the great military prodigy under these circumstances? The ancestors of Napoleon's father were not professional soldiers, nor was the father especially interested in military matters before the conception of his gifted offspring.

   The dominant influences, therefore, must have operated through the singular occupation and surroundings of the mother during this particular pregnancy.

   Many similar striking examples have been cited in works on prenatal influence. I myself might add many convincing proofs from an extensive experience in medical practice; but time and space do not permit. Contributory evidence may be secured from many excellent works dealing with this vital problem in human life. I may be permitted to say that use heredity and prenatal influence are distinctly manifest in the physical and mental characteristics of our three children who were born at intervals of seven and five years. Each one of them clearly mirrors in his or her physical, mental and emotional peculiarities the predominant mental tendencies, occupation and surroundings of the parents during the respective prenatal periods. Similar manifestations of prenatal influence may be observed in almost any family.

   3. Birthmarks. Medical men of late deny also the possibility of "marking" the offspring by sudden fear or shock on the part of the mother during pregnancy. Incidents of this kind, however, are of such common occurrence that it is a waste of time to refute these flippant denials.

   There are good reasons for believing that such marking is more likely to occur during the periods when the menstrual flow should take place, but is suspended.

   It may be argued that to mention the possibility of marking to a pregnant woman will greatly increase the probability of electrotyping violent emotions upon her offspring; in other words, that the fear of the thing will help to materialize it. This may be true to a certain extent, but we must remember that sudden shock through fear or disgust may cause the mischief anyway, whether or not the expectant mother is aware of the possibility. Understanding a danger and being prepared for it seems the best protection. The pregnant woman should study carefully section XXX, dealing with mental and emotional causes of nervous diseases, and should learn to relax to any sudden surprise and thus neutralize unpleasant and fear arousing impressions. Self-control is the royal remedy and the key to mastership.

   4. Physical Influence. Now that we have studied some of the more important hereditary mental and psychical prenatal and postnatal influences, let us see how the physical condition of the mother's organism influences the brain and nerve matter of the fetus in its last stages of development, and after birth.

   Materialistic science teaches that brain matter exudes thoughts and feelings, as the liver excretes bile, or the stomach pepsin. Natural science proves that mind is superior to matter, that the new born ego, by the power of intelligent volition, must fashion in the gray matter of the brain the molecular groupings or centers for the expression of intellectual and emotional activities, such as language, music, numbers, scientific and philosophic speculation.

   This means that active cerebration and brain molding do not begin until after birth. But it stands to reason that the work of the nascent intelligence may be greatly facilitated or impeded by the physical condition of the brain. It is reasonable to assume that intellectual and emotional vibrations will more easily shape the gray matter of the brain into new configurations when it has been prenatally refined, organized and developed along certain lines of cerebration by use heredity and by constructive prenatal influences.

   There exists a remarkable similarity between the brain molding and memory building activities of the intelligent ego and the making of phonographic records and moving picture films. Lifelike impressions of sounds and passing scenes can be made upon the phonographic and photographic mediums only when wax and film are in a highly refined and plastic condition. When impure of substance and coarse of texture they, are not sensitive and plastic enough to register and retain the subtle and highly complex vibrations of sounds and passing scenes. In order to receive and register a great variety and complexity of sounds, the wax on the phonograph cylinder must possess a certain degree of refinement, softness and plasticity. If it is too hard and coarse it registers the loud and coarse sounds only. Such a record cylinder, exposed to a beautiful symphony executed by a great orchestra, would register and reproduce only the shrill cries of the trumpet, the rattle of the snare drum and the booming of the big horns and bass drums. The softer sounds of string, wood and wind instruments and finer shadings of tone and rhythm would be lost. With increasing refinement and plasticity, more subtle and delicate sound vibrations will be retained and reproduced.

   In like manner the sensitive gray matter of the cortex of the brain must be in a pure and plastic condition in order to receive and register the impressions and impulses coming through the sensory organs, the psychic intuition and the intellectual and emotional activities of the mind. Anything in the way of physical impurity or foreign matter that tends to clog the brain, or to feed it with waste and morbid materials, or with corroding poisons, will lessen the atomic and molecular motility of brain and nerve matter, and will interfere with, or impede, the groupings and subtle transformations involved in the fashioning of brain centers through mental and emotional influences.

   If the nutrient blood which feeds the brain substance of the fetus be saturated with CO2, the benumbing, paralyzing carbon-dioxide, with clogging uric acid or the destructive acids of phosphorus and sulfur, the gray matter cannot, respond to the subtle and complex impressions and impulses from without and within.

   The purity or impurity of the plastic matrix of the cortex depends upon the materials absorbed from food and drink. If these are so constituted as to create in the system excessive amounts of clogging and corroding substances, then these food and drink poisons will have a benumbing and deteriorating effect upon the sensitive gray matter of the brain, as well as upon the coarser tissues in the joints, muscles and vital organs. There is a rheumatism of the mind as well as of the joints.

   A brain asphyxiated and clogged with pathogenic materials cannot be alert and active; it is too dull and lazy to think; it would much rather sleep than work; it is incapable of doing its best when its tiny blood and lymph vessels are obstructed with waste and morbid deposits which prevent the oxygenation and drainage of its delicately organized cellular tissues.

   This, of course, is true postnatally as well as prenatally. A brain originally capable of the highest and finest achievements of the human mind may become utterly worthless, and may degenerate into idiocy through food, drink and drug poisoning.

   Medical men tell mothers they need not worry over prenatal feeding, because the placenta, the vascular bag which forms the nest of the new life, acts as a filter which purifies the blood before it reaches the fetus. Common sense and every day experience tell another story. Even the best in the blood of many mothers is bad enough to serve as food for the new life.

   The placenta does not filter out of the blood of the mother all food, disease and drug poisons. This is proved by the wretched condition of many infants, suffering from malnutrition, anemia and rachitis, after delivery. If the vital fluids of the mother are deficient in the mineral elements, or in other important nutritive substances, how can they deliver them to the fetus?

   Occurrences like the following, quite common in our institutional practice, prove positively that the placenta is not a perfect filter for systemic poisons and for disease taints circulating in the blood of the mother.

   One of the most pitiable cases of eczema in a little child less than one year old we traced to the fact that the mother, during her first year of marriage, had traveled with her husband through Eastern European and Asiatic countries, and during her pregnancy had been vaccinated five times while passing through localities where smallpox was prevalent. Both she and her husband had always enjoyed perfect health. The family record was excellent as far as traceable; still the body of the infant soon after birth, was covered with open bleeding sores, presenting a revolting sight. We could find no explanation for this strange phenomenon other than the many vaccinations during pregnancy. These had contaminated the blood of the mother, and through her the body of the fetus, with a filthy scrofulous taint.

   The baby suffered terribly. For many months it slept but little, because of the excruciating pains. The eczematous eruptions were of a very stubborn nature; they broke forth again and again. Finally, however, after eighteen months of natural treatment, we succeeded in purifying the little body of the horrible infection. The child is now a little over three years old, in perfect health, and during the last twelve months has shown no signs of the morbid taint.

   Under another section I shall describe the influence of food upon character and sex life.

   To recapitulate: Purity, plasticity and motility of the highly refined and sensitive materials which make up the gray matter of the brain depend upon pure food, plenty of fresh air and exercise, and upon all other natural methods of living described in these volumes.

    

 

SECTION XXXV

Conception and Pregnancy

   1. Conception takes place whenever the male spermatozoon joins the female ovum (egg) within the woman's womb. Normally the female organism liberates from its ovaries but one ovum each month, usually during menstruation, while the male discharges millions of spermatozoa at each orgasm.

   Conception does not always follow copulation. The ovum remains in the womb and is capable of impregnation for about five days after menstruation. The spermatozoon on entering the womb may meet an ovum which has been discharged at a previous menstruation, or it may remain alive in the womb for a number of days and finally come in contact with a newly discharged ovum at the following menstruation.

   The spermatozoon retains its ability to impregnate the ovum for from ten to fifteen days after its discharge into the womb. When the male and female germs merge into one another, conception or impregnation takes place. As soon as this has happened, the impregnated ovum becomes attached to the inner lining or mucous membrane of the womb and begins its new life as an embryo. The period comprising the time from the impregnation of the ovum until the beginning of labor or childbirth is called pregnancy.

   The table of pregnancy on page 377 indicates the probable date of normal termination of a pregnancy, calculated from the last menstruation.

   2. Exercise During Pregnancy. Unfortunately a great many expectant mothers labor under the idea that they must rest and be relieved from work and exercise. This of course is a great mistake. Light housework is good exercise. There is nothing more harmful during pregnancy than nursing "that tired feeling" by lounging idly about the house and coddling one's real or imaginary aches and troubles.

   Of great benefit to the pregnant woman are all outdoor sports such as tennis, golf and other games which require vigorous exercise without straining or overworking the body. The great benefit of walking and other outdoor exercises, aside from their general invigorating effects, lies in the strengthening of the abdominal muscles and ligaments, which at delivery will greatly facilitate expulsion of the fetus.

   The walk should be brisk and rhythmical, body erect, head thrown back, chest forward; the breathing at the same time should be deep and regular. These walks should be continued as long as time and endurance permit. Nothing, of course, must be pushed to the point of exhaustion. One good long walk every day is necessary; two are better.

   We all understand the necessity for a plentiful supply of oxygen under ordinary conditions, and especially in time of illness. During pregnancy the demand for oxygen, as well as for mineral salts, is doubled or trebled on account of the needs of the rapidly developing organism in the womb of the mother.

   These extra demands for oxygen and ozone must be supplied by systematic deep breathing, cold bathing, outdoor walks, etc. If circumstances do not permit the taking of outdoor exercise, deep breathing should be practiced as often as feasible, at the open window.

   Next in importance among gymnastic exercises is the internal massage described under section XXI, No.16.

   Those exercises are especially valuable which bring into play the abdominal muscles and the muscles and ligaments of the genital organs.

   3. Clothing. Clothing and the manner of wearing it profoundly influences the normal or abnormal development of the fetus, the health of the mother, labor and delivery.

   At no time should the waistline be constricted by a corset or even by the ordinary skirt band. All clothing should be as loose and light as possible—one-piece under and outer garments, with the weight suspended from the shoulders, are best. If skirts are worn they should be fastened to skeleton waists of some thin cotton material. The close, heavy texture of the material from which the corset or so called "reform waist" is made is injurious because it interferes with skin elimination.

   Even the slightest constriction of the waist line interferes with the free circulation and the normal blood supply to the abdominal organs, which is of especial importance in pregnancy; it also hinders the free expansion and movement of the uterus during the various stages of pregnancy.

   Within the waistline are located a dozen or more important vital organs of the body. Any sort of constriction compresses these organs and pushes them out of their normal position. While this is extremely injurious to the body of a woman under ordinary conditions, it is doubly so to the pregnant mother and to the rapidly growing fetus. Undoubtedly many deformities and monstrosities are produced by unnatural constriction of the blood vessels and vital organs in the abdomen and pelvis of the pregnant woman.

   If due attention is paid to the foregoing influences, labor and delivery will be brief and easy. This we have proved in hundreds of cases which have come under our management. The reason why women of civilized countries spend many hours and sometimes days in dreadful agony of childbirth while those of primitive or savage races, as we call them, produce their young easily and painlessly as the animals do, is that primitive women live more simple and natural lives, while "civilized" mothers violate practically every law of Nature in their daily habits of living.

   Civilization unfortunately stands in many respects for that which is artificial, unnatural and therefore productive of disease and suffering in all domains of life, not only as regards physical health, but social and political health as well.

    

 

SECTION XXXVI

Danger Signs During Pregnancy

   1. Dropsical Swelling. Swelling of the limbs and distention of the veins of the legs during pregnancy may be caused by a tendency towards varicosity, intensified by obstruction of the circulation due to the enlarged uterus. Such a condition requires, aside from the natural regimen, careful and competent treatment.

   Swelling of the limbs or other parts of the body may also be caused by incipient or advanced Bright's disease. The urine should be examined from time to time, especially if there is a swelling of the feet and ankles, or if there are dropsical symptoms in other parts of the body.

   Such dangerous conditions are usually brought about through the excessive intake of starchy and protein foods which overwork the liver and kidneys and cause pathogenic dogging of the capillary circulation. This may result in uremia attended by violent and sometimes fatal Convulsions.

   2. Uremia is the result of retention in the system of waste materials and poisons that should be eliminated through the kidneys and skin. Medical treatment for such conditions, aside from the administration of stimulating drags, consists in hot bathing with the idea of opening the pores of the skin.

   We understand that all hot water treatment gives only temporary relief and is followed by greater enervation and inactivity of the skin. The best water treatment for systemic poisoning of any kind consists in the application of wet packs followed by cold ablutions as described in section XV.

   The addition to the packs, dry friction rubs, air bath, good massage and neurotherapy treatment will aid in restoring the normal activity of skin, bowels and kidneys.

   Whenever the urine contains sugar or albumen, fasting, alternating with raw food diet, is indicated. Suitable regimens are outlined in sections X, XI.

   The giving of heavy food to the mother with the idea of increasing the flow of milk is all-wrong. We have found in all cases that the diet outlined in section X will produce a more copious flow of rich milk than lie "nourishing" meat diet. The best remedy for a scanty flow of milk is slow and thorough mastication of a few spoonfuls of raw crushed wheat every day.

   3. Morning Sickness. One of the common disorders experienced during pregnancy is that known as Morning Sickness. One suffering from this ailment, though following a natural diet, should sip a cup of hot postum while remaining in bed. If this does not have the desired effect and if the patient has not been accustomed to drinking coffee, half a cup of black coffee with a few drops of lemon juice will quiet the irritated nerves. It is necessary after taking the hot drink to remain in bed for at least thirty minutes. It is understood that this is only an emergency measure. If continued, it will lose its good effect and work injury.

    

 

SECTION XXXVII

Labor and Delivery

   At about forty weeks, exactly nine solar months, from the period of conception the fetus reaches full maturity, and labor begins. Labor is divided into three stages. During the first stage the neck of the womb becomes slowly and gradually distended and the orifice of the womb opens widely. When this has taken place, the fetal membranes burst and the amniotic liquid surrounding the fetus escapes.

   During the second stage the fetus emerges from the womb.

   After expulsion of the fetus, the placenta is expelled from the uterine cavity. This constitutes the third stage of labor

   The first stage usually begins with more or less radiating pains in the abdomen, accompanied by dull pain in the small of the back and a drawing pain in the limbs. Sometimes women with the first baby feel these pains weeks in advance of the actual commencement of labor. At first they occur at long intervals and are of short duration, but gradually become more prolonged and more frequent The pains are due to a cramp-like contraction of the muscular apparatus of the uterus forcing its contents downward.

   Under this pressure from above, the neck and mouth of the uterus distend to their limits, and the walls become thinner and thinner. First the inner, then the outer orifice of the neck of the womb opens and the fetal membranes protrude and finally rupture, allowing the amniotic fluid to escape. Shortly after this the part of the fetus nearest the orifice, normally the head, makes its appearance. At the present time the average duration of the first stage of labor is six hours, but it may last twenty-four hours or longer, depending upon the plasticity and elasticity of the bony structures of mother and infant, the rigidity of the cervix, and the vigor or lack of vigor of the muscular apparatus of the uterus.

   While the foregoing is true of the average delivery under ordinary ways of living, we find that after the enforcement of a natural regimen of living during and, better still, before pregnancy, the entire period of labor and delivery does not cover more than half an hour, or at the utmost from one to two hours. Even the disadvantages of slight build and smallness of pelvis can be overcome by the natural regimen outlined in section X. When our youngest child was born, the mother gave the first sign of pain at about midnight. I rose from bed instantly, but had not time to finish clothing when the membranes broke. Within twenty minutes after the commencement of labor the infant was resting in my hands.

   The wife of a prominent lawyer in a western city had experienced three difficult deliveries. Each time surgical instruments had to be used and she had suffered untold agonies lasting from 24 to 36 hours. When she became pregnant the fourth time the most prominent physicians in her home city assured husband and wife that it was not safe for her to go through another delivery, that the womb was in worse condition than ever before therefore they recommended surgical removal. For conscientious reasons, however, the husband and wife did not follow the advice of the doctors, but decided to try natural methods of treatment.

   The lady placed herself under our care during the fifth month of pregnancy. From that time on she followed strictly the natural regimen of living and received daily the usual hydropathic and manipulative treatments. This was continued until a few weeks before delivery. In this case the baby was born within an hour from the first contraction, and the mother of the patient, who was in an adjoining room, had not heard a sound. Many similar experiences refute the idea that it is unsafe and injurious for pregnant women to undergo the ordinary methods of natural treatment, such as hydropathic sprays, sitz baths, massage, Swedish movement and other forms of manipulation.

   1. Preparation for Delivery. The diet during the last week before the beginning of labor should be very light, consisting mostly of fruits and vegetables. From the commencement of labor no food at all should be given, until at least twenty-four hours after delivery; a three-day fast is better.

   In addition to a competent physician, a nurse or midwife should be engaged. If a good neurotherapist, who has had sufficient experience in obstetrical work, can be procured, he should be preferred, because he can assist delivery and make it much easier by manipulative treatment.

   The nurse will make the necessary preparations and provide the various supplies needed in labor. With the first sign of approaching labor, the physician in charge should be summoned. A rectal enema of one pint or more of warm salt water (See. XVIII, No.4) should be administered. The woman should be given a vigorous cold rub and her genitals thoroughly cleansed. She may then remain on her feet and walk about, comfortably dressed, until actual labor commences.

   2. No Anesthetics. The attending physician should not be impatient to hasten delivery with drugs or instruments. The use of anesthetics should be avoided insofar as this is possible. They should be employed only when absolutely necessary—that is, when excessive pain must be allayed or when surgical delivery is unavoidable.

   3. Breaking of Water Bag. When the bag of water is about ready to break, the patient is placed in bed. Premature discharge of the amniotic fluid must be guarded against. An escape of the liquid at an early stage means difficult and prolonged labor, commonly known as "dry labor". Usually the membranes burst when the orifice is fully dilated. A large sponge is held in readiness to catch the out-flowing liquid.

   3 a. Umbilical Cord. When the infant has been delivered, the umbilical cord should not be severed at once. Plenty of time should be allowed for the blood to transfuse itself from the body of the mother to that of the child. This is important. If the connection is severed too soon, the child begins life in an anemic condition.

   The newborn baby usually greets the world with a lusty cry. It should be placed on its right side with its face turned away from the mother, care being taken that the cord is not stretched tight. As soon as the cord stops pulsating, plenty of time being allowed for blood transfusion, it is tied about two inches away from the baby's abdomen and cut a little above the ligature. The baby is now wrapped in a warm blanket and put in its crib.

   4. After Delivery. Immediately after the baby is born, the nurse or attending physician gently compresses the abdomen and womb of the mother, kneading and rubbing it occasionally in order to secure complete contraction and thus prevent hemorrhage. After delivery the mother enjoys a period of rest and recuperation which usually lasts for about half an hour.

   5. Afterbirth. Meanwhile the placenta becomes detached, and when the pains set in again a few contractions usually suffice to expel it with all the membranes.

   The attending physician must make sure that none of it is left in the body, since this might result in putrefaction of the remains and blood poisoning. The woman's genitals should be washed with clean sterilized water.

   The exhausted woman should now enjoy a deep, wholesome sleep and awaken from it in a few hours refreshed and strengthened.

   In the foregoing I have not gone into the details of obstetrics and of technical management because this must be left to a competent obstetrician. I have called attention only to those points which are of special importance from the viewpoint of Natural Therapeutics and to the differences in treatment between the conventional and natural methods.

   6. The Lying-In Period. The lying-in period varies from five to twelve days, according to the constitution of the mother and the care that she has taken during pregnancy. The greatest danger of the lying-in period is puerperal sepsis or blood poisoning. This condition is the result of infection occurring during labor, or it may result from the retention of parts of the placenta.

   The only way to prevent this is by observing the most scrupulous cleanliness during the entire process of childbirth and during the lying-in period. When blood poisoning has developed it must be treated the same as all other acute inflammatory diseases (see section IX).

   7. Care of the Newborn. The child should begin to breathe immediately after the cord is cut. If it fails to do this, the physician should lift the baby by its feet to facilitate the escape of mucous from the trachea and throat. If necessary the mucous must be removed from the throat by the insertion of the little finger, or by means of a tiny stick covered with gauze.

   Breathing may be accelerated effectively by a few sharp taps on shoulders and buttocks. If this fails to bring the desired result, artificial respiration must be resorted to at once. The attendant grasps the child by its shoulders, its head resting between his palms and the two index fingers being hooked under the child's armpits. It is now swung between the physician's legs and lifted high above his head so as to be turned upside down. This is repeated from fifteen to twenty times, after which it is placed in a basin containing a few inches of warm water. Its body should then be rubbed briskly with cold water.

   Father Kneipp used to take the newborn babe by the nape of the neck and the feet and submerge it quickly in cold water. This, a few times repeated, is probably the quickest way of resuscitating an asphyxiated baby.

   In order to soften the cheesy deposit which frequently covers the body of the newborn, it is well to rub the skin with warm olive oil. After the greasy covering has sufficiently softened it may be removed with bits of gauze. This is followed by a cleansing bath with warm water and castile soap.

   After the warm cleansing bath, the little body should be quickly rubbed down with cold water, wrapped in a soft, warm blanket and laid away to sleep until it wakens of its own accord. A normal baby should sleep for about twelve hours, and must not be disturbed to force food on it before it is ready to take it.

   8. Bathing. From the first day, the baby must have a morning and evening bath. This consists, as before described, in a quick, cleansing bath of warm water and castile soap, followed immediately by a brisk cold rub. In the course of a few weeks the baby can be placed, for the cleansing bath, in a small bathtub containing a few inches of warm water. Immediately after the cleansing bath the warm water is replaced by cold water. This is taken up in the hollow of the hand and briskly applied to the little body. In this fashion the child, within a few months time, will enjoy its cold rub just as much as an adult. I have seen several such nature cure babies, but a few months old, object most vigorously to a warm bath. The cold rub is the best preventive of chilling; but care must be taken that the temperature of the room where the bath is given is not below 70 deg.

   The olive oil bath or rub, often recommended for premature babies or infants suffering from malnutrition, is very injurious, because it occludes the pores of the skin and prevents the elimination of poisonous gases and other morbid materials from the body. The skin is not an organ of digestion. Olive oil, like all other foods, must enter the body through the alimentary canal where, under the action of digestive ferments, it is broken down into its component elements which are then assimilated through the intestinal membranes. Oil absorbed through the skin is not digested, and it circulates in the body as foreign matter which in this state cannot be assimilated and utilized in the system.

   9. Powdering after the bath is fully as injurious as the rubbing with oils or massage creams. Powders and creams tend to clog the pores, and most of them contain poisonous antiseptics which lower the vitality of the skin and prevent or suppress elimination in the form of skin eruptions, eczemas, etc. For chafing use nothing but cold water. In case the chafing should become unusually severe and painful, through neglect by the caretaker, a soothing and healing lotion composed of one part lemon juice to two parts olive oil, may be applied a few times, until the irritation is under control.

   10. Air Baths. Next to cold water, there is nothing that will invigorate baby's skin and nervous system as will the air and sun bath. If the season will not allow the outdoor air bath, the baby should be allowed to lie nude several times a day, for thirty minutes or more, in a warm, well ventilated and sunny room.

   11. Constipation. Glycerin and suppositories should never be used; neither laxatives nor cathartics. Oat extract and cooling sitz baths will produce natural movements.

   12. Diarrhea is a form of morbid elimination, and must never be suppressed by drugs. If it is habitual, bailey or wheat extract prepared in the same manner as oat extract, is a good remedy. If the diarrhea is persistent and of a violent nature, no food at all must be given, except water with dilute acid fruit juices, until the purging ceases. Even then plenty of time must be allowed for the rebuilding of the sloughed intestinal membranes.

   13. Bandages. Until the umbilical cord dries up and falls off, it is necessary to cover the navel with a gauze compress dipped in olive oil. This is held in place by an abdominal bandage made of soft cotton material. These strips should not be hemmed, merely torn or cut. They should be drawn just snugly enough to hold the compress in place, but not tightly enough to interfere with circulation. The, navel must be cleansed and the compress 'renewed twice each day. After the umbilical cord has dropped off we no longer apply the abdominal bandage. This is contrary to common usage, but is the best practice. The abdominal bandage overheats the body and interferes with the free movement of the diaphragm and the circulation of the blood.

   14. Clothing. The clothing of the infant should be loose and light and as simple as possible. Freedom of movement is very important; binding or pressure upon any part cannot help but interfere with the circulation, and otherwise produce injurious results. The clothes should be short, in order to allow the feet and legs free play. Light weight, porous cotton materials are best for both under and outer garments. A lightweight wool petticoat may be worn when absolutely necessary to provide sufficient protection for the baby. Cotton hose and bootees may be used, but under no circumstances should such articles be of wool, because it prevents free elimination from the skin. The baby's head should not be covered out of doors, except in severe weather. At no time should a veil be placed over the face, as it will cause the infant to reabsorb the poisonous exhalations from its own lungs. All clothing should be changed each day. No garment should be starched—such a practice is not only useless but harmful.

   15. Diapers must be provided in sufficient number to allow thorough cleansing and drying. The wet diapers should be scalded in hot water and very thoroughly rinsed in several waters afterwards. They should then be dried in the open air and sunshine. Soiled diapers must be well washed and boiled. Washing powders, soda, ammonia and other chemicals should never be used. They have an extremely irritating effect upon the delicate skin of a baby. In order to save labor and to facilitate the cleansing of the diapers, small squares of clean old linen or muslin rags, or pieces of absorbent gauze, may be placed inside. These inserts will absorb all or most of the bowel movement and may then be burned. If the skin is irritated or chafed, the parts should be sponged off with clean cold water at each change, paying special attention to cleansing of the genitals. Oils or powders must not be used to soothe the sore places, because they clog the pores and Interfere with natural elimination.

   16. A wet nurse is to be preferred to artificial feeding. She should be thoroughly healthy, not over thirty years of age, of equitable temper, not excitable or nervous and her diet should be that prescribed for the mother

   17. Care of the Nipples. They should be thoroughly cleansed before and after nursing; not with carbolic acid, but with water and dilute lemon juice. The lemon juice tends also to harden the nipples. Treatment of the nipples may begin before the birth of the child.

   18. Care of the Eyes. The baby's eyes, whether awake or asleep, should always be shielded from strong light, either sun or artificial, and from dust and wind. The eyes should be washed with cold water after every cleansing bath. If they show any tendency to weakness or disease, slight vibratory massage over the closed eyelids should be given after the cold eye bath.

   19. Care of the Mouth. A healthy baby's mouth needs no cleaning before the arrival of teeth. As a matter of fact, the teeth of a perfectly healthy adult would not need cleaning any more than do those of an animal living in the freedom of nature. The saliva is a sterilizing fluid, under normal living, intended by Nature to keep the mouth clean and healthy. Cleansing of the mouth of an infant with the finger or with a cloth may injure its delicate membranes. If the mouth must be washed, in case of disease, a swab made by twisting a piece of sterilized absorbent cotton on the end of a smooth stick should be used. The swab should be dipped in warm boiled water, and the interior of the mouth washed thoroughly, the cotton then being burned.

   20. Care of the Ears. The external ear should be cleansed with a soft rag or swab as before described. Never use a hard instrument inside the ear.

   21. Care of the Nose. A baby's nose should be cleansed as a part of the daily toilet, in the same way as the ears. A swab may be made by twisting a, piece of gauze to a cone. As soon as the child becomes old enough, it should be taught to sniff up cold water through the nostrils and the nasal passages. This is the best way to keep the nasal membranes in a clean, healthy condition.

   22. Care of the Genital Organs. The genital organs of both sexes must be kept scrupulously clean with as little handling as possible. The foreskin of the penis of the male baby should be drawn back at bathing time and the organ thoroughly cleansed, always finishing with cold water.

   23. Phimosis. The treatment of phimosis is fully described under Sec. XXVIII, No.1.

   24. How to Lift the Baby. The best way to lift a young baby is to slip the left hand under the back beneath the shoulder, spreading out the fingers in such a way as to support the neck and head. Then lift the feet and legs with the right hand. Never lift an infant without first supporting the spine.

   When a baby has grown strong enough to hold up its head and has gained considerable strength in the muscles of the back and neck, he may be lifted by grasping him with outspread fingers under the armpits; the body must be held firmly so that the entire strain does not come on the shoulders. A baby should never be lifted by the arms. This may dislocate the shoulder joints

    

 

SECTION XXXVIII

Prenatal Feeding

   1. Effects of Diet During Pregnancy. The problem of infant nutrition begins before birth. Prenatal feeding determines the physical start in life. On it depends not only the condition of the mother's health during pregnancy, but also the size and weight of the fetus, pliability of the bony structures, ease or difficulty of delivery, and the quality of the mother's milk.

   The fleshier and heavier the newborn infant, the prouder and happier are the parents and the doctor Yet, excessive size and weight of the child constitute the most prominent cause of difficult and painful childbirth and frequent necessity for instrumental delivery.

   The biblical saying, "In sorrow thou shalt bring forth children"; has led many to believe that woman's dreadful suffering is a necessity, God ordained; but is not man's ignorance, rather than the cruelty of an avenging God, to blame?

   This latter view is confirmed by the fact that other mammalia literally cast their young, without pain or difficulty; and the labor pains of primitive mothers are insignificant, their delivery presenting little more difficulty than that of the lower animals. A squaw on the Western Plains stops a few hours by the wayside to deliver her papoose and then resumes her journey as though nothing had happened

   Women among the European peasantry, who wear no corsets, live on black bread and vegetables, and have plenty of exercise in the fields and in the home to the last day of pregnancy, have their babies without help of midwife or physician and resume their usual routine of work within a few days after delivery.

   Thousands of mothers who have adopted natural ways of living have learned to dispense with anesthetics and the surgeon's instruments; they now bring forth their offspring without excessive pain.

   2. Results of Faulty Diet. It is significant that the offspring of the lower animals, at birth, consist of little more than skin and bones, while the newborn human is often abnormally large and fat. This is especially true of babies born of weak and anemic mothers. As before stated, excessive size and weight of the infant is not a matter for congratulation, but is a pathological condition. It indicates fatty degeneration of the fetus, due to the anemic watery condition of the blood of the mother, and the cause of this hydremia of mother and child lies in the faulty dietetic habits of the former.

   The ordinary diet of American women consists almost entirely of meat, fish, fowl, potatoes, white bread, pastry, coffee, tea and refined white sugar. The few vegetable, which enter into the daily dietary are first deprived of their all important organic salts by faulty cooking; fruits are looked upon as luxuries and frequently are regarded as harmful

   The anemic, watery condition of the blood of mother and child is not due to a lack of starchy, protein and fatty materials in food and blood, but to a deficiency of organic mineral elements. Neither is the anemic condition, as the regular school of medicine assumes, caused by lack of iron. Any ordinary food mixture, as well as the blood and milk of anemic mothers, usually contains a sufficient amount of iron. The actual cause of the anemia is a deficiency of other mineral elements.

   As I have explained in Volume III of this Series, carbonic acid poisoning and the resulting sluggishness of the surface circulation, coldness of the extremities and congestion of the inner organs is not caused so much by a lack of the oxygen-carrying iron as by a deficiency of the carbonic acid neutralizing and eliminating sodium and magnesium.

   If the blood is deficient in lime, phosphates, silicon and fluorine, rachitic conditions, softening of the bones, deformed spines and legs, and decay of the teeth, are inevitable results.

   It is an easy matter to supply the daily needs of the organism for proteids, starches, fats and sugars; the difficulty lies in supplying a sufficient amount of the organic mineral elements.

   The deficiency of sodium in human blood, Dr. Lahmann proved in the following table of comparative blood analyses. In a hundred parts of ash he found in the
  Per Cent of Sodium 
Blood of oxen 12.41 to 31.90
Blood of sheep 13.33
Blood of cows 10.40
Blood of hogs 5.33 to 7.62
Blood of dogs 2.02 to 5.78
Human blood 2.03 to 6.27

   The percentages of lime and of other positive mineral elements in the human blood are also much lower than in the blood of cows, oxen and sheep.

   While the blood of cattle and sheep raised on pasture is very uniform in composition, hardly any two samples of human blood are alike. It is for this reason that Dr. Lahmann adopted cow's milk instead of human milk as the standard elementary food combination.

   In the following table, he compares the percentages of minerals in the ash of cow's milk with the percentages of mineral elements in the ash of various other food materials.
  Sodium  Calcium
(Lime)
Ferrum
(Iron)
Cow's milk 4.73 10.66 0.26
Lean beaf 1.47 1l15 0.28
White flour (wheat) 0.04 0.13
Rye meal 0.34 0.20 0.50
Potatoes 0.99 0.97 0.45
Peas 0.26 1.36 0.16
Spinach 8.16 19.58 5.52
Apples 3.76 0.59 0.20
Strawberries 9.68 4.83 2.00

   A daily dietary consisting largely of meats, eggs, white bread, potatoes, peas and beans, though excessively rich in proteids, fats and starches, will, on account of its deficiency in sodium, lime and magnesium, inevitably result in carbonic acid poisoning, anemia, rachitis, premature decay of the teeth and a multitude of other acute and chronic ailments.

   If, however, the daily dietary contains a liberal amount of green vegetables and fruits, a normal food mixture resembling that of cow's milk can easily be obtained. It must be remembered that fruits and vegetables are not only rich in the most important mineral salts, but that they are relatively poor in proteids and carbohydrates.

   For this reason fruits and vegetables facilitate the establishment of an equilibrium between proteids and carbohydrates on the one hand and organic mineral salts on the other.

   3. Excessive Fat Formation. We can now understand why the ordinary faulty diet of pregnant mothers causes anemia, softening of the bones, sluggish circulation, carbonic acid poisoning and fatty degeneration in mother and offspring.

   Lack of sodium causes excessive accumulation of carbonic acid, and oxygen starvation. This results in defective oxidation of food and waste materials; in other words, in fat formation.

   Defective draft prevents the complete consumption of coal, and chokes the furnace with the products of imperfect combustion. Similarly, lack of oxygen in the tissues (due to carbonic acid poisoning) causes an incomplete combustion of food materials and waste products, resulting in fat formation and in the generation of poisonous byproducts.

   Lack of sodium also prevents the neutralization and elimination of uric and other acids and ptomaines (pathogenic matter) which accumulate in the tissues, block the circulation and assist in the smothering of the vital processes.

   In order to eliminate these pathogenic materials, there arises an abnormal craving for water—"the anemic thirst"—which is closely related to the thirst of fever patients and of diabetics. Excessive water drinking is encouraged by the popular "flushing" fad.

   To make things worse, the anemic, for reasons before stated, usually suffers from weak heart action and sluggish circulation. This means defective elimination of water through the skin and kidneys, resulting in a watery (dropsical) condition of the tissues and fatty degeneration.

   Not all anemic, carbonic-acid-poisoned mothers, however, develop a tendency to obesity. On the contrary, under certain constitutional conditions, they may become exceedingly lean, like the anemic, carbonic-acid-poisoned consumptive. Briefly stated, sluggish heart action and weak kidneys favor retention of carbonic acid and water in the tissues and thus make for fatty degeneration. Good circulation and normal activity of the kidneys may keep the system free from excess of water and carbonic acid, but excessive proteids in the diet may result in sulfuric and phosphoric acid poisoning. These destructive acids break down the tissues, rob them of their mineral constituents, and thus cause excessive loss of flesh and fat.

   In both types of dysemia the blood of the pregnant mother is overloaded with poisonous gases, waste matter and the debris of broken-down tissues. The oxygen supply to the fetus is therefore very much impeded and we find that both fleshy and lean mothers produce babies of abnormal size and weight, ranging from eight to twelve pounds, while the normal weight of the newborn should not be more than six pounds.

   4. Advantages of Natural Regimen. We know of many instances where mothers, after having given birth to heavy, fleshy babies, in subsequent births have reduced the weight of the new born to normal, and the pain of delivery to a minimum, by the adoption of a natural diet, plenty of exercise in the fresh air and systematic deep breathing.

   The effects of a natural regimen are manifested in various other ways. The bony and muscular structures of mother and child are much more pliable and elastic, making parturition and delivery much easier. Pure blood, normal nutrition and abdominal exercises, walking and special gymnastics, greatly strengthen the abdominal and uterine muscles, thus facilitating expulsion of the fetus.

   The morning cold rub, systematic deep breathing and general exercises, every day outdoor walks and right mental and emotional attitude are all of paramount importance in the regimen of pregnancy.

   The Regimen for Wholesome Living, section I, is admirably adapted for all the needs of the pregnant mother.

    

 

SECTION XXXIX

Postnatal Feeding

   Thanks to the educational influence of nature cure propaganda, a decided change for the better in baby feeding has taken place during the past ten years. Up to that time the "top cream mixture" was universally recommended by allopathic physicians and given to babies by trained nurses.

   While in the meantime many physicians and nurses have adopted more natural methods, the "top cream mixture" is still too common and must be entirely abolished in order to safeguard the health of our little ones.

   In the February, 1909, issue of the Nature Cure Magazine, I commented upon this subject as follows:

   1. Bottle-fed Babies. Our food analyses disclose the interesting fact that the elementary composition of the ash of the milk of an animal is about the same as the composition of the ash of its body.

   They also show that good cow's milk when normal comes closer to the requirements of the infant body than does inferior human milk.

   Our tables of food analyses show that chemically the composition of cow's milk and of human milk is very much the same. Human milk contains a little less proteid and a little more sugar than cow's milk, and the latter is much richer in organic salts than the former. There is much more of the all-important sodium in cow's milk than in human milk and about twice as much calcium (lime) and iron (table p.100). This explains why rachitis is so common among babies, while never found among calves.

   As we have learned, the elimination of poisonous acids from the body depends on sodium. The building of the bony structures depends on lime; the oxygenation of the blood, on iron.

   Many years of practical experience in the care of babies has convinced me that milk fresh from a healthy cow is greatly to be preferred, as nourishment for infants, to the impoverished milk of scrofulous mothers.* In this connection it is significant that one-half of all "civilized" mothers, thanks to unnatural food and drink, vaccination and poisonous drugs, are incapacitated for nursing their offspring.

   * This may not be true in the future if our milk cows continue to be regularly subjected to tuberculin tests.

   To one who has studied the comparative analyses of cow's milk and human milk, it is incomprehensible why the former, when given to infants, should be diluted and spoiled by large quantities of water, salt, soda and inorganic mineral lime (in the form of lime water).

   This procedure, however, is still frequently recommended by physicians of the regular school. Undoubtedly, the great frequency of anemic and rachitic diseases, the darkening of the iris, appearance of scurf rim, and the signs of catarrhal conditions in stomach and bowels are caused by such unnatural feeding.

   The following extracts are taken from an article entitled "Bottle-fed Babies", in the Ladies' Home Journal. It was written by Dr. Emelyn Lincoln Coolidge, of the Babies' hospital, New York. Thousands of mothers, on account of the high standing and excellent reputation of this family journal, undoubtedly have followed, without question or misgiving, the advice presented.

   The formulas given below are for the average healthy baby, and are called "cream" or "top milk" mixtures.

   "Food for the first month. With a spoon, or a tiny dipper which comes for this purpose, carefully skim off the top six ounces from a quart bottle of milk; to this add twenty-four ounces of water which has been boiled and cooled, and in which has been dissolved three teaspoonfuls of granulated or six of milk sugar; next add a pinch of bicarbonate of soda and a small pinch of salt; mix this all thoroughly, and pour enough for each feeding into ten separate bottle& Then cork the bottles family with cotton and either Pasteurize the milk or stand it on the ice.

   "For the second month. Skim off six ounces of cream, then pour off three ounces of milk; add twenty-four ounces of water and the same amount of sugar, salt and soda as above; mix and bottle.

   "For the third and fourth months. Cream, six ounces;' milk, six Ounces; water, twelve ounces; barley or oatmeal gruel, twelve ounces; sugar, salt and soda as usual, etc.

Plain Milk Formulas

   "Pour the entire quart of bottled milk out into a clean pitcher and then back into the bottle several times, thus thoroughly mixing the milk; then take:

   "For the first month. Six ounces of milk, twenty-four ounces of barley-water, half a tablespoonful of granulated or one of milk sugar, a pinch of bicarbonate of soda; mix all well together and pour the proper number of ounces into separate bottles, and either Pasteurize or place on ice.

   "For the second month. Nine ounces of milk, twenty-one ounces of barley-water, one tablespoonful of sugar, and a pinch of soda."

   Physicians would never think of giving such advice as, this, if they were acquainted with natural dietetics founded on exact and complete analyses made by food chemists of the nature cure school.

   I have already called attention to the fact that food chemistry, whether practiced in allopathic colleges, in great sanitariums or by vegetarian food reformers, deals with proteids, starches, fats and sugars only, and leaves entirely out of consideration the all important mineral elements or organic salts of potassium, sodium, iron, lime and magnesium.*

   *This was true at the time this article was published in the Nature Cure Magazine.)    

   On these five positive mineral salts, as we have shown, depend all the important vital functions of the human organism, while proteids, starches, fats and sugars serve only as building and fuel material.

   The digestion of the proteid and carbohydrate foods, as well as the elimination of the waste matter resulting there from, depends upon the positive organic mineral salts.

   Study carefully these recipes for baby feeding, taken from the Ladies' Home Journal, and compare the mixtures with the analyses of cow's milk and human milk in the accompanying tables.

   Let us consider the "top milk" mixture, prescribed for the first month. The cream rising to the top is almost pure fat. The all-important mineral elements plus the nourishing milk sugar and proteids remain in the skimmed milk, which is looked upon as worthless and fed to the pigs.

   Our food analyses (see tables in Volume III, Cook Book) show that the ordinary brands of flour are almost devoid of mineral elements. Furthermore, one teaspoonful of barley to one pint of hot water does not mean much in food values. Where in these six ounces of cream (fat) and twenty-four ounces of barley water is baby to get the necessary amount of sugar for fuel material, of proteid for tissue-building, of lime for bone-building, of iron for oxygen-carrying, and of sodium, magnesium and potassium for the processes of elimination?

   It seems that these deficiencies are intended to be overcome by baking soda, mineral table salt and the lime water, so generally prescribed by physicians. Many times I have demonstrated that inorganic mineral salts, with the possible exception of a little table salt, should not enter the animal or human organism, that these salts must first be organized, made alive in the plant or animal cell, before they are wholesome food for animals or human beings. I have shown that, taken habitually in the mineral form, these salts accumulate in the human body, act as irritants and poisons and reveal their presence in the iris of the eye.

   I fail to understand why the tender and sensitive organism of the newborn infant should be encumbered with inorganic minerals while cow's milk contains them in ideal form, made alive first in the grasses and grains, then still more highly organized and magnetized in the body of the animal.

   It is bad enough to give mineral sodium, lime and table salt to an adult, but it is little short of criminal to give them to babies under the guise of foods and medicines.

   The cream mixtures are readily digested, because there is not much to digest. The fact that infants thus fed cry for food continually is good evidence that their needs are not satisfied. Babies fed with this sort of slop grow fat for a while. The watery food inevitably produces fatty degeneration. This for a season swamps the little body with unhealthy fat. But the first crisis which happens along often takes away not only the unnatural fat, but the baby also.

   The artificial mixtures contain entirely too much water in proportion to nourishing elements. The resulting malnutrition and the constant irritation caused by the inorganic minerals result in chronic diarrhea or constipation.

The Right Way

   The best food for the newborn and growing infant is undoubtedly the mother's milk, provided that she is herself in fairly good health. Unfortunately, many mothers are unable to nurse their offspring, and if a healthy wet nurse cannot be secured, other food must be provided.

   The best substitute for human milk, without question, is cow's milk, fresh, pure and undiluted, as it comes from the animal.

   "Why", indignantly exclaims the trained nurse, when we give these instructions, "undiluted cow's milk is altogether too rich, it is indigestible for baby; if the milk is not boiled or pasteurized, germs and bacilli will surely create infectious diseases".

   To this we answer: Our analyses show that the difference m composition between cow's milk and human milk is not enough to affect the infant. The danger lies not so much in overfeeding on "rich" cow's milk as in underfeeding on watery milk and cereal dilutions, and in poisoning the little body with inorganic minerals.

   As regards germ infection and the necessity for pasteurizing the milk, the menace to health and life is greater through malnutrition than through germs and bacteria. Germs we cannot escape, not even if we were surrounded on all sides by walls of air-purifying and antiseptic materials.*

   *Since the foregoing was written we have learned that low vitality and morbid soil will develop perfectly normal microzyma into so called disease germs.

   One of the foremost French bacteriologists claims that in the mouths of infants shortly after birth he has found almost every disease bacillus known to medical science.

   William Osler; M.D., to whom the English language is indebted for the verb "to oslerize," says in The Principals and Practice of Medicine on page 151, in the chapter on Diphtheria:

   "The presence of the Klebs-Loeffler bacillus is regarded by bacteriologists as the sole criterion of true diphtheria, and as this organism may be associated with all grades of throat affections, from a simple catarrh to a sloughing, gangrenous process, it is evident that in many instances there will be a striking discrepancy between the clinical and the bacteriological diagnosis."

   In the first part of this sentence he states that bacteriologists regard as the sole criterion for the diagnosis of diphtheria the Kiebs-Loeffler, or diphtheria, bacillus; in the last part of the sentence he admits that this bacillus is found in even slight catarrhal conditions, and he might add that it is found just as frequently in the mouth and throat of healthy infants and adults. This is a good example of "orthodox" scientific reasoning.

   If germs and bacilli of themselves could destroy health and life, the human race would in a short time become extinct. Disease germs are omnipresent. They permeate the tissues of our bodies and in the intestinal tract swarm by millions. Whether they prevail depends upon natural resistance, or reserve force, and upon the disease soils in the system. The air we breathe is saturated with all sorts of disease germs or their microzyma.

   Since baby cannot escape germ invasion, the real problem is how to increase the resistance of the little organism and how to purify it of morbid matter so that disease germs will not find anything to feed on.

   Resistance depends largely upon proper nutrition. Diluted, watery milk, contaminated by inorganic minerals, is not a good nutrient; its nutritive value is still more reduced by pasteurizing or boiling. Heating milk or any other proteid food above 1500 F. coagulates the albumen, disorganizes organic compounds, precipitates salts and dissipates the life elements. This reduces the nourishing value and digestibility of the milk.

   Nature does not provide the young animal with boiled or pasteurized milk, and we should not lower food values by such methods.*

   * It is now admitted that pasteurization and boiling kills "newly discovered vitamins" which are the "life elements" constantly referred to in my earlier writings.

   I do not wish to intimate, however, that scrupulous care and cleanliness should not be exercised in the selection and handling of the milk.

   Wherever possible, secure the milk of a single healthy cow that grazes on green pastures or is fed on normal clean food mixtures. Milk from cows kept in stables and fed on brewery and distillery slops and other refuse should not be used.

   Every vessel and utensil with which the milk comes in contact must be carefully scoured, submerged in boiling water, drained and kept in a light, airy place.

   The nursing bottle, after each feeding, must be taken apart and carefully scrubbed, inside and out, in hot water with an addition of a little soda. It should then be left in pure, cold water, until the next feeding time.

   2. When to Feed. Physicians quite generally recommend feedings at stated hours, in fixed quantities.

   This is altogether wrong, it establishes at once the stuffing habit, does not permit the development of natural desire and its regulation. The infant very soon becomes accustomed to eating at certain times, whether it really needs the food or not.

   Food should not be given until there is an actual demand for it, which will express itself in real hunger. By careful observation and experiment the mother will soon learn to distinguish the ordinary crying of the baby and the desire for food expressed by it. If this practice of feeding only when there is a natural desire for food is strictly followed, the infant will soon establish its own regular feeding times, usually at intervals of about three or four hours in the daytime. The stomach digestion of a feeding of milk will require about three hours, therefore a minimum of that much time should be allowed between feedings after the first few weeks.

   If the mother can nurse her baby, it should be put to the breast upon awakening from its first sleep, either before or after bathing and dressing.

   The first secretion of the breasts (colostrum) is not really a food, but performs an important function in cleansing the intestinal tract and preparing the digestive system to properly digest and assimilate the milk when it comes, usually about the third day.

   3. How to Feed. If artificial feeding must be resorted to, no food at all should be given, except a few teaspoonfuls of water, during the first twenty-four hours after birth. During the next few days, cow's milk should be given, well diluted—about one-half milk and one-half filtered or boiled water. From week to week the amount of water should be reduced until at the end of the second month the baby takes cow's milk undiluted.

   4. Night Feeding. In the nighttime feeding should not be encouraged. During the first four months it is advisable to feed not more than once during the night. After that the child should be weaned from the habit entirely. This will be facilitated by giving a drink of water instead of milk.

   5. Amount of Food. Discretion should be observed in determining the amount of food. Do not induce the baby to take as much as possible, rather as little as possible. Its welfare does not depend upon the amount of food consumed, but upon the amount which it can easily digest and assimilate.

   When more food is given than the digestive organs can take care of, the entire mass may ferment and sour.

   6. Grain Extracts. If undiluted milk proves too rich, grain water may be added. In order to prepare this, take clean grain as it comes from the field, crush it in a hand grain mill or a new coffee mill, take three tablespoonfuls of the crushed grain to one pint of cold water, and boil on the stove for one hour; or in the fireless cooker for two or three hours, in which ease use a little more water at the start. While the gruel is boiling over the fire, add enough water to allow for evaporation and absorption. When thoroughly cooked, strain the gruel through a fine cloth or sieve. Add one tablespoonful, or more if necessary, to each milk feeding.

   When baby is constipated, add to the milk, grain extract made from oats, and frequently cool the bowels with cold water. This will cure the most stubborn constipation. If the bowels are too loose, add to the milk, extract made from barley or wheat.

   The small particles of hulls in the grain extracts improve digestion and evacuation, in a mechanical manner. They permeate the curds and keep them from coagulating too solidly, thereby facilitating the penetration of digestive juices; they also exert a mild stimulation on the walls of the intestines, thereby increasing the peristalsis of the bowels and evacuation of feces.

   7. Baby's Natural Medicines. Fruit juices and scraped raw ripe pear or apple and the pulp of cooked fruits such as prunes or figs without addition of sugar or sweetening of any kind, are baby's finest medicines. They increase the supply of organic salts for blood, nerve and bone building and for purposes of elimination. They are nature's own cholagogues, laxatives, tonics and antiseptics. They keep the little body sweet and wholesome. All babies under our care receive fruit juices beginning with the second week.

   During the first two months, give one teaspoonful of orange juice, grape fruit juice or prune juice, one hour before or after each nursing. After the second month, gradually increase the amounts of fruit juices and begin to add raw pear or apple scraped with a spoon or dull knife, or the mashed pulp of fully ripened peach or grapes.

   8. Weaning the Baby. Nursing infants should be weaned from the breast after the eighth or ninth month. From the sixth or seventh month, both nursing and bottle-fed babies should begin to take some solid food. The best of these to begin with are whole-grain cereals, gruels, raw and cooked fruits and tender vegetables in small amounts. Mealy baked potato is one of the best foods, better than the cereals.

   9. Feeding After First Year. After the lapse of the first year, the solid foods are gradually increased and the milk reduced in quantity. Eggs should not be given before the eighteenth month, then soft-boiled or poached. During the second and third year half an egg twice or three times a week is sufficient; after that an egg at a time may be given once or twice a week.

   Meat and all other foods prepared from the dead animal carcass are bad enough for adults, but it is inexcusable to give them to tender infants and children.

   Dog fanciers, when they sell a valuable canine, usually advise the buyer not to give the animal any meat before the second year, lest it become a victim of distemper; and dogs are naturally meat eaters.

   Well informed physicians now generally advise not to give meat to children before the fifth or sixth year. They have learned this much from the nature cure people.

   Foods undoubtedly have a powerful influence, not only on the physical body, but also on the mentality and the emotions. These problems will be interesting subjects of investigation for the food chemist and psychologist of the future. In general, we may say that flesh foods are stimulating and feed the passional nature, while fruits and tender vegetables refine and stimulate brain and nerve matter as well as the intellectual, emotional and spiritual activities. Cereals, nuts and pulses build and repair the physical body and supply the body with heat and muscular energy.

   The majority of animals adhere strictly to one kind of food, and therefore faithfully exhibit in their mental and emotional characteristics the effects of different food materials. Ferociousness we find personified in the carnivorous bulldog, lion, tiger and panther (that is why soldiers are fed on meat three times a day); gluttony and omnivorous voraciousness in the hog, chicken and hyena; cold-blooded cunning in the fox, and cruelty in the cat. The intelligence of the carnivorous animals displays itself mainly in the cruel cunning with which they stalk their living prey. It resembles in quality the low intelligence of the human criminal.

   Personifications of great physical strength, intelligence, endurance, patience, gentleness, fidelity, affection and self-control, we find among the vegetarian animals. The beaver, the arboreal ape and the elephant are especially noted for their intelligence; deer, antelope and sheep for gentleness; the horse for its almost human intelligence, affection and fidelity oxen, elephants and camels for their great strength and endurance.

   Meat is detrimental to the child in every way, physically, mentally and morally. The poisonous acids and alkaloids which it contains clog the capillary circulation, causing anemia, coldness of the extremities and defective elimination through the skin. This results in. congestion in the interior organs, high blood pressure in brain and heart, headaches, nervousness, irritability, tendency to fevers, inflammations and catarrhal conditions.

   With the meat, the child often absorbs the eggs of worms, tubercular bacilli, and other parasites and disease germs. Certain forms of epilepsy, St. Vitus' dance and hysterical conditions are due to uric acid poisoning and to other pathogenic materials and ptomains contained in flesh foods. Such patients, in times of crises, frequently emit pronounced odors of raw meat or uric acid. Strictly vegetarian diet, combined with other eliminative natural methods of treatment, cures the majority of these cases.

   Most of these poisonous acids, alkaloids and ptomains contained in the flesh of dead animals are powerful stimulants. I have frequently noticed that people who have abstained from meat for a long time, when they first partake of it again experience sensations and exhibit symptoms resembling those of alcoholic intoxication.

   We have learned that these stimulating extractives of flesh foods chemically closely resemble caffeine, thein and nicotine. The use of one or more of these stimulants invariably creates a craving for the others. This explains why a heavy meat eater is usually a confirmed coffee drinker or inveterate smoker, and vice versa; and why we find it almost impossible to wean people from one of these stimulants as long as they persist in taking the others.

   The legumes or pulses—peas, beans and lentils—are close seconds to meat in acid-producing qualities. Eggs contain considerable ready-made uric acid and a great deal of sulfur and phosphorus. These may become dangerous to the organism. For these reasons, meats, legumes and eggs are always danger foods for the child.

   Children brought up on such foods will show the effects in nervousness, irritability, lack of self-control, craving for cigarettes and alcoholic stimulants. The most serious aspect of this question lies in the stimulative influence of meat poisons on the sex centers. It is a well known fact, verified by close observation, that flesh foods stimulate the sexual passions to a marked degree. This tendency is greatly increased by the use of coffee, tea and alcoholic stimulants in the form of wines, liquors or medicines. If the sensitive nervous organism of a child is overwrought by these powerful irritants, there can be but one result; precocious sexual awakening.

   From the third year the child may gradually adopt with slight appropriate modifications, a diet as outlined under Sec. I, No. 10, and Sec. X, No.7.

    

SECTION XL

Exercises in Infancy

   1. Exercises in Infancy. Proper exercise is important from the very beginning of life. A baby will follow its natural instincts for exercise if allowed to do so, by working its arms and legs and writhing its little body in all directions, if not unduly hampered by tight clothing and bandages. A few nude air baths every day will afford excellent opportunity for baby's gymnastic stunts.

   After he is a few months old he may be placed on his stomach, when he will exert himself vigorously by trying to raise his head, to turn around, or to raise himself with his arms. He will soon learn to roll over and to creep lie nay now be pulled up gently by his arms and lowered again a number of times in succession.

   When three or four months old he may be lifted by one arm or by both arms; by the right arm and left leg, or by the left arm and right leg. When the baby is six or eight months old, he should be strong enough to rise from his back to a sitting position. This may be encouraged by holding down the feet. I have known a number of nature cure babies who at six months of age clung tightly to a stick while being lifted a few feet from the bed. Another good exercise greatly enjoyed by the youngsters is to roll them back and forth on a bed.

   The average healthy child will secure ample exercise while learning to walk and run and while playing with simple toys or with other children; but this may be supplemented to good advantage by special exercises devised by the father and mother. Nothing is better for the health and happiness of both parents and children than to join in merry romp and play.

   Between two and five years of age the child may be taught more difficult stunts, performed either by himself or with the assistance of the father or mother; but swinging the child high overhead, throwing him up and catching and other dangerous tricks should be avoided. They are risky and have very little effect in developing the body of the child. The best exercise at this age consists in outdoor play and games.

   From the sixth year, the question of exercise becomes a more important one, especially since the children are confined for many hours in school rooms. If exercise at this time of life, through play and games and special gymnastics, is neglected, it may affect health, strength and efficiency of the child for life.

   Those of good physique and ample strength may gradually take up and practice The exercises for adults outlined in sections XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV.

   2. High Chair. A baby should not be put in a high chair until he is quite well able to hold the spine and head erect, and should never be left in a chair for any length of time. If a baby is forced to maintain a rigid, sitting position for a considerable time, before the bones and muscles are sufficiently developed, this may produce deformity of the spine. Maids and nurses, if not properly supervised, sometimes fasten a baby in a high chair and leave him there to take care of himself for long periods.

   3. Toys. Since most babies have a habit of putting everything into their mouths, toys must be selected that can do no harm. They should have no paint, no sharp points or corners which might hurt the eyes or mouth, and must be of material which can be easily and thoroughly cleansed. Hairy and woolly playthings are unsafe, being unclean and germ carriers. Objects small enough to be swallowed must never be put within baby's reach. The simpler the playthings the better; a few clothespins, empty spools, or other simple objects are better than expensive toys.

    

 

SECTION XLI

Baby's Ailments

   1. Hernia As a result of a weakly or sickly condition of the mother during pregnancy and of faulty prenatal management, many children are born ruptured. So far I have not known a single nature cure baby that was born ruptured. Such defects are due to weakness of the tissues. This results from mineral starvation. The tissue walls contain too much mortar (protein) and not enough building stone (mineral salts). Prevention of hernia, therefore, lies mainly in proper diet of the pregnant mother, but all the rest of the prenatal regimen described in these pages is of great importance in preventing this and other ailments and deformities.

   There are three principal points at which rupture or hernia may take place in infancy-at the navel, in the groin, and at the line between the navel and the lower end of the sternum. Other kinds of ruptures are extremely rare.

   2. Umbilical Hernia This is a protrusion of the intestine at the navel. It is the most common rupture hi infancy. Pulling on the cord during childbirth, urging at stool or violent crying may result in rupture. The umbilical ring first expands and this forms a pouch into which one of the folds of the small intestine protrudes.

   Treatment: Of primary importance is the diet as outlined herein. The baby must have plenty of fruit juices in order to reinforce the mineral salts in the milk. Cold bathing is very beneficial. The rupture itself should be cleansed several times a day with warm water. This must be followed by a wash with cold water mixed with lemon juice. Gentle, passive exercise, such as raising, lowering and twisting the limbs from side to side, also raising and lowering the body while supporting the shoulders and head, is of especial value.

   The rupture must be reduced and kept from protruding by placing over it a large button or other article of similar shape, wrapped in gauze and held in place by broad strips of adhesive plaster. The adhesive tape is fastened over the button crosswise and must be applied in such a manner as to draw the skin from all sides over the rupture. Instead of the button, a compress made of gauze may be laid over the rupture and held in place by one broad adhesive strip. The covering of the rupture must be removed and renewed every day in order to allow cleansing, as before described.

   When the child is old enough to exercise by himself, he should be taught special movements of the body and the limbs which develop the muscles of the abdominal region.

   3. Ventral Hernia. This occurs along the middle line of the body between the navel and the breastbone, sometimes below the navel. The rupture may not be larger than the size of a pea or small marble, and may disappear on pressure. The treatment is the same as that of umbilical hernia.

   4. Inguinal and Scrotal Hernia occur in infancy or in adult life; sometimes the inguinal canal does not close after the descent of the testes from the abdominal cavity into the scrotum, and the intestine descends through the open canal, thus producing the rupture. These forms of hernia become aggravated by coughing. They can be reduced immediately with gentle manipulation while the patient is lying on his back. This kind of rupture may be distinguished from hydrocele by the fact that in reducing it goes back easily with a gurgling sound. Hydrocele is not affected by coughing. A hernia is opaque to transmitted light; hydrocele, transparent.

   These ruptures should be protected with a well-fitting truss. This has to be removed daily for cleansing of the parts. Appropriate exercises, passive and active, together with cooling sitz baths and washes with cold water and lemon juice are the best remedies for these, as well as of other forms of rupture.

   5. Congenital Hernia occurs in the form of inguinal hernia and has to be treated in the same way. Ruptures of any kind must be reduced and properly supported. Constipation and consequent urging at stool may cause or aggravate any form of hernia and must, therefore, be overcome by the right treatment described under section XXVI, No.1.

   6. Colic. This is usually caused by indigestion due to overfeeding, improper feeding, or too frequent feeding. The intestines are distended with gas, giving rise to a severe pain. The baby cries sharply, alternately drawing its legs up to the body and kicking them away. One of the quickest means of relief is a small enema of warm water and gentle circular massage of the abdomen from right to left. Food should be withheld until the symptoms have disappeared. The giving of milk or other food may quiet the attack temporarily, but the pain is apt to return with greater intensity. Warm water may be given if the baby will swallow it.

   A baby managed in the natural way prenatally and postnatally is not likely to suffer from this ailment. Constipated babies are more prone to it than others.

   Colic may also be caused by sudden chilling. In that case a warm bath for five or ten minutes, followed by gentle body massage will bring about a warm reaction.

   7. Convulsions. These cause a great deal of anxiety to the fond mother. They are always reflex symptoms of some slight or serious internal disturbance due to wrong management. They commonly result from some form of auto-intoxication caused by digestive disturbances, and the resulting systemic or drug poisoning. An inactive condition of the skin, bowels or kidneys will favor auto-intoxication and convulsions. If proper care is taken to keep the system pure, and the organs of elimination in active condition, convulsions will not occur.

   The best treatment during an attack is a quick, cold rub all over the body; application of a whole body or trunk pack; gentle soothing magnetic massage, and neurotherapy treatment. These treatments draw the blood into the surface and relieve congestion in the brain and nervous system.

   8. Ailments of Teething. Many ailments of children are laid to teething, but this is a mistake. Well managed, healthy babies go through the teething period without any trouble whatsoever. This is practically always true of nature cure babies. When, however, the little body is heavily encumbered with hereditary and acquired morbid materials, food poisons and disease taints, the process of teething will not run its natural course and may precipitate any form of disease crisis.

   When teething is difficult, it is frequently associated with digestive disturbances. Diarrhea may alternate with constipation and vomiting is of common occurrence. The baby may be restless and fretful. He tries continually to bite on something in order to facilitate the projection of the teeth through the hardened gums.

   No teething lotions or soothing medicines of any kind should be given for the relief of pain in teething. They all contain poisonous sedatives which benumb and paralyze the nerves and have serious after effects upon the system. They usually contain opium in some form, or other narcotic drugs.

   The only way to prevent these and other infantile ailments is to keep the little body as nearly normal as possible through the natural treatment described in these pages. If this is closely adhered to, it will prevent, in many cases, the development of even measles and other common eliminative infantile ailments.

   During this critical period in the baby's life the diet must be extra light; starchy food should be reduced to a minimum and replaced by raw and cooked fruits and vegetables juices. Cooling sitz baths will help to keep the bowels active and to abate internal fever.

   9. Acute Catarrhal Disease. Acute catarrhal diseases of infancy such as croup, cold in the head, acute bronchitis and whooping cough, are different forms of acute elimination through which Nature tries to purify the little body from hereditary and acquired accumulations of morbid matter, systemic poisons and disease taints.

   In accordance with this conception of acute diseases, as purifying, healing efforts of Nature, we would not do anything to check or suppress elimination but cooperate with Nature in her purifying, healing efforts. How we do this has been fully explained in other parts of this volume. (Section VIII)

   The natural treatment is very much the same in all acute inflammatory ailments. Feeding must be reduced to a minimum. If the baby does not insist upon eating, nothing should be given except water with acid or sub-acid fruit juices, such as lime, lemon, grape fruit and orange. If the temperature does not run high, say not above 100 or 102 deg, frequent ablutions with cold water at intervals of from one to two hours will be sufficient to promote heat radiation and elimination of morbid matter through the skin and other organs of elimination. If the temperature runs' higher, say between 102 and 105 deg, wet packs must be applied, and renewed when they become hot or dry.

   The wet packs are of especial value in all kinds of cough; whether it be the ordinary cough, croupy cough or whooping cough. A whole body or trunk pack, with or without a throat pack, will give almost instant relief. In many instances where baby is making the night hideous for the anxious mother, with it's coughing, a well-applied whole body pack, or a combination trunk and throat pack, will relieve the coughing almost instantly, and induce restful sleep.

   In serious cases it is always advisable to call in a natural therapist or some other drugless physician, if one can be reached.

   The mother should not forget that all acute diseases, after they have once developed, must run their natural course. She must, therefore, not become impatient and lose faith in the natural treatment if it takes a week or more to cure a common cold in the head or an attack of bronchitis, or if it takes from two to eight weeks to cure a case of whooping cough. Serenity, patience and cheerfulness are the primary requisites of the nature cure physician.

 

   

 

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