HOME HYGIENE LIBRARY CATALOG GO TO NEXT CHAPTER
In the public mind there is not a little confusion on the subject of Hygiene. Both its advocates and its opponents often do it nearly the same injustice. In this chapter we hope to make quite clear what the means of Hygiene are and their relations to life.
So long as the organism continues to live, it appropriates raw materials from its environment and builds it up and organizes it into patterns which are highly complex, but constant for each species. Within each organism are forces at work, ever creating and sustaining it. All the various functions of the body relate to and subserve one grand operation--that of changing the inanimate elements of nature (in the shape of organized substances, which we regularly gather from the world around us as food) into the elements and tissues of our bodies, reconverting these agents again into various non-organic combinations or elements and eliminating these from the organism.
Life is one continual round of change, wrought in certain elementary principles, first into the elements of our bodies, thence back again into their primary forms; or, rather, we would say, life is an evolution resulting from this change, interchange and rechange of plastic material elements. All the various functions of different bodily organs relate to this grand operation, and to no other. Digestion, absorption, circulation, secretion, assimilation, aeration, resolution and elimination have this one and only end as their object. Distinctly understanding that all the complicated organic and functional machinery of the human body has but one great end in view, that being its perfect performance, health, or the perfect life-condition, and that by its imperfect performance, disease or faulty vital development results, we are prepared for an intelligent start in our inquiry as to the merits of remedial measures and the philosophy of care--so prepared that the subject may be divested of its mystery and made to stand out before us as in the light of noon day.
What are Hygienic means? Many of us stand still, uncertain of what way to take, as though we possess no means of ascertaining what are the conditions of health and happiness, as though we possess no pattern with which to compare the materials we find. Yet, we have such a pattern. The genuine Hygienic materials and conditions are the actual necessities of life; they are daily necessities without which life cannot continue. None of the genuine Hygienic materials can be dispensed with indefinitely without the deprivation resulting in death. Some of them cannot be dispensed with for even brief periods.
The Materia Hygienica comprises all the elements of nature which have a physiological relation to the human constitution; they are those elements most intimately concerned with the phenomena of life--with development, growth, maintenance, repair, healing and reproduction. To state this differently, Hygienic means are those things which are used by the organism in the normal functioning processes--light, air, food, water, temperature, activity, rest and sleep, cleanliness, emotional poise, etc.
These means are classed as Hygienic because they relate to the preservation of health. Their relation to organic life is similar to that sustained by oxygen. Like oxygen, they are essential to the maintenance of life. When these means are supplied normally, that is, according to the natural wants of the living organism, they promote health and harmony. Excesses or deficiencies of any or all of them are chief among the causes of disease.
From a concise view of man's wants, it will be seen that our varied physiological conditions are the only premises from which legitimate conclusions can be furnished as to the true wants of man. We have to consider the constitutional necessities and legitimate wants of man, by virtue of his own inherent organization-thus laying the groundwork from which all minor wants shall naturally be perceived.
When the genuine needs of life are understood and the laws governing their use are ours, we are taught how to make use of the needs of life to accomplish the two grand objects of the science of life, the preservation and recovery of health--and it is this philosophy and this science and their principles and practices that constitute Natural Hygiene in its broadest sense and widest application.
First or of primary importance, man needs a free and unencumbered physical inheritance as a foundation upon which to rear his superstructure and as a nucleus around which to gather the conditions needful for further progressive development. Where shall we look to find this pure physical inheritance? Echo answers: "Where?" Look about us upon the face of contemporary humanity. Every glance reveals poor, diseased, deformed, defective, deteriorated and deteriorating specimens of humanity, who have lost all claim to be recognized as "Man, the noblest work of God." They are but sorry shadows, outlines, abortions of the true man. Within them may lie dormant and undeveloped, undreamed of potentials; what we see are puny wrecks. The greater part of civilized humanity received a biological patrimony with lease upon lease and mortgage upon mortgage of malnutrition, poison habits, and other sources of organic impairment.
The means of affecting and improving the organic life and health are such as may be called culture, as physical culture, mind culture, etc. The particulars involved are those normally related to the life of the organism, such as the right kind and quality of food, the exercise of the body, rest and sleep, the emotions, the means of maintaining the freedom of the organic functions, excretions, etc.
We have every right to bring every genial influence to our aid in lifting man to a high state of perfection and beauty; not to deprive any man of his characters, not to make all men into carbon copies of each other, but to evolve health, strength and happiness. Wholesome and delicious foods, beautiful flowers, fresh pure air, crystal clear, soft water, the warm rays of the sun, gentle zephyrs, vigorous exercise, rest and sleep, congenial society, constructive work, emotional pleasures--these will aid us in bringing every variety of man to highest and fullest development. All that we can ask, but we can ask no less, is that every distinct individual flower in the great rose-bud garden of humanity shall be the expression and embodiment of a beautiful idea.
Hygiene proposes to find and bring into operation means not only for the prevention of disease and vice and all abnormal physical manifestations, but also for the restoration of health. Men who are sick and vicious can get well by the same means, applied according to the needs of each individual, by which they are to keep from becoming sick and vicious. In order to become successful, we must be radical. Lopping off a branch here or an evil there will not answer the demands of outraged law. A man who is sick can get well simply by ceasing to do evil. The human organism contains within itself, as an inherent principle, all the forces necessary for the prevention of disease and the restoration of health. The power which brought man forth a living being and has enabled him to grow through all the stages of his development is amply sufficient to maintain him in a normal state until he has fulfilled the ends of his life on earth.
The means of Hygiene are common in their nature and prevalence and are as generally adapted to the uses of life under all conditions and circumstances, as the air we breathe. They are adapted both to the man of robust health and to the invalid; they are just as appropriate for the week-old child as for the adult. They are not remedies; they are not medicines; they are not specifics; they are not cures; they are not miracle workers. It would be a violent misuse of language to speak of the elements of Hygiene as Hygienic medicines. From the origin of the Hygienic System it has been understood by Hygienists that there are no Hygienic medicines. But there are things that are overflowing with good for the healthy and are "mighty to save" the sick. We term them Hygienic materials and influences. When grouped, classified and systematized, they constitute our Materia Hygienica. It is only within their range that we draw for use in our care of the sick, as it is only within their range that we draw for use in caring for the healthy.
Instead of resorting to drugs to "drive out the disease," the Hygienist seeks to adapt the supply of what are known and universally admitted to be essentials of life to the altered requirements and capacities of the sick organism. Not only are the Hygienic materials and influences sufficient to the restoration of health; but they are the only materials and influences that the body can make use of in disease, as they alone can be used in health.
Such are the intrinsic natures of Hygienic materials that their appropriation by the body affords an actual remuneration in exchange for the expenditure their use entails. On the other hand, the intensity of the action required to expel drugs may result in death from exhaustion. Hygienic materials and conditions compensate the body for the expenditures they occasion; non-Hygienic materials and conditions merely prick, goad and irritate and compensate in no way for the excited action they occasion.
If our theory is true, that disease is vital action abnormally expressed, then to our minds it follows, irresistibly, that such means as the organism needs and must have to keep itself in health are the means, and the only means, which it needs and must have to restore lost ground. What are these means? To settle this question, we have merely to provide a satisfactory answer to the question: what are Hygienic materials? By Hygienic agents, said Trall, the Hygienist means "things normal." Briefly, they are food, water, air, light, heat, activity, rest and sleep, cleanliness and wholesome emotional influences. Our knowledge of food, water, air, sunshine, warmth, activity, rest and sleep etc., has greatly increased since the days of the early Hygienists; but we have found no way in which one of these can be made to substitute for another in the work of keeping the body well or in restoring it to health.
After reflecting upon the truths that have been presented in the foregoing paragraphs, what can we think of the elements of nature's Hygiene? Is there a drug in the whole materia medica that can compare with a single one of these basic elements of Hygiene? Is there a possible combination of drugs that can compare with even one of these elemental needs of life, much less to compare with the proper combination of these elemental constituents of the Hygienic System? Will any one dare to place beside this grand combination of life-sustaining elements all the poisonous, nauseous prescriptions of the pharmacopeias of the world? To all organic nature, these few simple elements of Hygiene constitute the fountain of life. They are the sources of an abounding health-adequate, not alone to its maintenance, but also to its restoration. We can only wish for a more familiar intimacy with nature and her sources of an abounding energy.
It may be assumed as, indeed, some have assumed, that the use of these materials and influences for Hygienic purposes implies that the subject is already in the enjoyment of good health and requires nothing more than the conditions which are essential to its preservation. It is assumed that, either disease is an entity having a life of its own and properties peculiar to itself that requires to be resisted or driven out and that, unaided by non-Hygienic materials, the body is incapable of meeting the emergency, else disease is regarded as a wild and disorderly behavior of the body that calls for drastic measures to whip it back into line.
A physician said: "Desperate diseases require desperate remedies, you know." "Yes," replied the other, "but only where there is vigor to bear them." Vigor to bear a remedy! That is good. At first thought one would suppose that a remedy was such simply because it possesses qualities that enable it to impart vigor--not to use up the powers of life. If, then, the sick would get well, they should use such means as were they well, would insure that they remain in health. For, no substance of any kind, whether fluid or solid or gaseous, whether material or spiritual, ever did a sick man good or assisted him back to health or beneficially affected him, which is of such quality as to do injury to the well. What will destroy health will not restore it; what will prostrate the strong will not strengthen the weak; what will produce disease in the well man, will not, cannot and never did cure a sick man. And what will aid in restoring a sick man to health will not and never did make a well man sick, nor tend to make him sick.
Hygienic materials have nothing in common, in the body, with the "remedies" of the physician. Throughout the whole realm of nature we find nothing provided for the repair of injury, except that which is consistent with the health of the body when uninjured. We know that physicians employ such inconsistent means, but nature does not. Their means interfere with the processes of healing, retarding, when they do not wholly suspend the healing process. It is clear that they are wrong.
Look with us at the relations of life to which the sick are subjected. One may be constitutionally feeble and it may be that he has been sick all his life. Yet physicians do to him, steadily and persistently, what no argument could induce them to do for the plants in their garden. Instead of caring for the sick as they would a valuable rose bush, nursing him or her, watching over the patient, waiting upon him and giving the forces of life a chance; instead of keeping things away that exhaust and providing things that nourish, all the "dregs and scum of earth and sea" are employed in a vain effort to restore health without any consideration being given to the causes of the disease.
As the living organism, well or sick, is the same organism and as there is no radical change in its structures or its functions and no radical change in its elemental needs in the two states of existence, we need a system of care that is equally applicable to both the well and the sick. The laws of being are the same in the most vigorous state of health and in the lowest depth of disease; the constitution of being does not change with the varying states of being. Hence, we need a system of care that does not do violence to this constitution merely because the organism is sick. None of these essential requirements are met by any of the systems of so-called healing, whether it existed in the past or is contemporaneous.
The Hygienic System embraces every directly beneficial substance and condition known and rejects nothing that nature does not also reject. Let us fly to the rich and bountiful resources of nature, as these are normally related to the living organism, and not ransack the earth for poisonous plants and corrosive minerals--extracting potions from the deadliest substances--let us drink from the crystal-clear waters that flow from the fountain of Hygiene with which we are surrounded and which is unsealed and accessible to all. The reign of biology must supplant the reign of chemistry; the reign of metabolism must supplant that of pharmacology.
There must always be a normal connection between the living organism, whether in its normal or abnormal activities, and the material things that contribute more or less perfectly to sustain biological and physiological phenomena. No substance that is not a factor-element in physiology can have any value in the living structure under any circumstance of life. That which is not usable in a state of health is equally non-usable in a state of disease. Any system of therapeutics not founded on and consistent with the principles of physiology must be founded in error and the practice of such a system must be attended with harm in direct proportion to the extensiveness of the practice.
So long as the constitution of our universe remains the same, the laws that govern life and the needs of the living organism will remain unchangeable. So long as the principles of physiology continue as now, so long will they be the authority in practice. So long as the modes of vital activities remain unalterable, they will continue to provide us with a pleasing and reliable source of reference--a reference infallible, as it is incapable of being distorted by the tricks of the disease-treaters, or misled by mystical, unmeaning technicalities.
We do not admit into the circle of remedial means any agent or condition that is inimical to the constitution. We cannot admit as remedies, substances that are hurtful to the living body; we want friendly things, not disease-producing things. Desperate remedies are foes of life. If the living organism, when in the vigor of full health, is so unable to successfully resist the effects of a given poison as to be killed by it, no possible logic can make it clear that when the functions of the same organism have been impaired and the individual is sick, he will be restored to health by the administration of this same poison, that the poison in and of itself becomes a remedy.
All drugs are poisons. Every new drug is a new poison. All drugs cause disease; every new drug produces a new disease. No living creature was ever saved by drugs. All living things are restored to health, when sick, by the use of those substances, and only under those conditions that maintain the body in health. They must supply the needs of the system and not simply overcome a condition. If drugs can supply these needs, fill the vacuum, restore the waste, then they are fit substances with which to sustain the life and growth of a healthy organism; if not, they are unfit substances to introduce into the body under any circumstance.
The conditions of health are ever the same. The same elements that maintain health also restore health. The only true system of caring for the sick is that originally established in nature. This is not only the best and safest, the most economical and most successful, but it is the only system of care founded in nature and adapted to the wants of man. We make this claim boldly, because we make it justly. It is no new system, for it is as old as the universe. It is a system to which natural instinct guides animals and man. It is as old and universal as nature itself, based upon the profoundest science; yet like everything else good and true, it is simple, harmonious and beautiful.
Nature performs no unnatural acts, works no miracles and exerts no extraordinary energy in making a fool of herself. She has an ordinary and regular way, nonetheless scientific because ordinary, for keeping organic beings alive and in vigorous health and it is folly to think that when her ordinary methods have been discarded or ignored and sickness has resulted, she will make extraordinary or unexpected or unheard of or nearly miraculous efforts to restore health. Never for any consideration will or can nature stoop to the use of means to restore health that differ in kind from those which, had the patient chosen them, would have kept him in health. Her extraordinary efforts are just what the word implies--more than ordinary-efforts common to her, but intensified, an increased exercise of energy as needed in the circumstances. Nature is greater than the disease-treaters and she imposes her own conditions upon the processes of recovery and no disease-treater, however learned, can override these.
In selecting our means for the care of the sick, our choice necessarily lies between two classes of means, which we denominate usable and non-usable means. Our selection must be based squarely on the principle that only those things that have a constitutional relation to the living organism are of use to it in either health or disease. In selecting the usable we but follow in the footsteps of nature-we choose those substances and conditions which she spontaneously chooses for purposes of growth and repair. These may be said to be nature's remedies; they are the elements of Hygiene; they supply the conditions and means by and through which life and living structures are maintained and developed.
The needs of the organism in sickness, as in health, are of ordinary stamp and lie all around us in profusion. Physicians would have us believe that the needs of the sick organism are extraordinary, exotic and rare, requiring great skill in their administration and that they are of such unusual efficaciousness that only the highly trained expert can be entrusted with their administration. As Hygienists, we contend, on the other hand, that remedies in any true sense are those materials or influences which supply physiological needs, either of materials or of conditions, that are favorable to the operations of the powers inherent in the living organism or that remove the causes of disease and which are not chemically or physiologically incompatible with the structures and functions of life.
Wherever any great power lies hidden, out of which great results may be wrought, it will be found, on thorough investigation, that the measure of that power is as the simplicity of the process of application. Nature's mightiest forces are the simplest things. In nothing is this truer than in the process of healing. The means employed and the plan followed in healing the sick organism are as simple as the means for preventing sickness. In fact, they are the same in kind--always the same in kind--but qualified in the force of their application.
It is a very mistaken idea, not unfrequently a fatal one, possessed by the people, that something different is needed to restore the sick person to health than is needed to keep him well when he is well. Upon this point the people need education. But education is a slow, painstaking and sometimes perilous business if one pursues it steadily, consistently, pertinaciously. People are always slow to learn that which is for their good. They learn more slowly of that which traverses their indulgences and more slowly still what compels them to change the whole course of their lives. Who sets about, therefore, to inform the public about the evils of drug medication and undertakes to educate them as to the needs of changing their personal habits will run into difficulty.
The Hygienic System consists generally and in the broadest sense, in removing injurious and supplying favorable conditions. It rejects the the old fallacy that poison is medicine and adopts the idea that every normal thing under the sun is remedial. In its ample Materia Hygienica are embraced every element which nature employs in all her formative organic processes. Instead of a Materia Medica, limited solely to mineral, animal and vegetable poisons, it finds its means of care in the air of heaven, the light of the universe, the water from the clouds, fruits and vegetables from the earth, warmth from the sun, in the moderate exercise of all the muscular and passional capacities of life; in short, Hygiene's Cornucopia is filled to overflowing with those means which have a normal relation to the living organism. The Hygienist calls the elements of health to his assistance.
Hygiene must embrace in its scope all the details indicated in the foregoing sketch. It must not suggest too exclusively the use, or the science of the use of diet or fasting or sunshine or any other elementalfactor that is contained within its overall composition. It must not exclude any of the normal elements of life. It may be thought that some important gain is made by reducing the application of Hygienic art to a single physiological element and that, from the extensive and necessary correlations of other factors of physiological functions, a partial and temporary subjection of all of them to one simplifies our work; but this can only prove to be an illusion. The system, at all times, has need for all of the physiological factors that constitute Hygiene.
There are those, reasoning only from observations from the employment of some of its means, who deny Hygiene any adequacy in the exigencies of disease and insist that pathological exigencies require something more rare and mysterious. on the other hand, the overenthusiastic advocate, observing its value in many cases of illness, ascribes to it powers and qualities that quite transcend the bounds of sober reality. The virtues of Hygiene in supplying the needs of life in disease and in enabling the body to successfully prosecute its healing operations and its fitness, as related to the living structure or what is the same thing--the science of physiology--can be determined only by its legitimate use. A true science, instead of directing the invalid to some mysterious balsams, will point to ways and means of securing appropriate Hygienic materials and conditions, these, under all circumstances, being the only ones that are compatible with life, hence, with the restoration of health.
The broad and distinct issue between the Hygienic System and the drug systems is this: Hygiene seeks to restore health by healthful means and conditions; the drug systems seek to cure disease with agents that are known to produce disease in the well. Instead of filling our bodies with poisons, why not look to rest, sleep, better food, physiological rest, exercise, sunshine, emotional poise, cleanliness, plain and simple wholesome food, as the means of restoring us to health? Hygienic care consists in the use of such means as, when applied to a man in health, will keep him in health and will not tend to make him sick. Medical treatment of the sick consists almost wholly in the use of means which, if given to a man in perfect health, would unfit him for work or business or, perhaps, put him in bed and even kill him. The Hygienist rejects all poisons and employs only beneficial substances and conditions to aid the healing processes of the body.
It must be made clear to everyone that the all-efficient laws of nature operate continuously and progressively to reinstate physiological vigor and harmony--health--and that the conditions of health and only these, can and must, sooner or later, ensure health to the organism subject to them, unless irreparable injury has been sustained. If they can be made to understand that through these means and through these alone can they expect to come out victorious in the end, they can be depended upon to abandon the fatal drugging system and turn to nature's own means of restoring health. To this end we must educate rather than medicate them.
We have to learn to view Hygiene as constituting a rational and methodical use of every essential of life in a state of disease as well as in health. In his famous lecture in the Smithsonian Institute on The True Healing Art Trall stressed the fact that Hygiene employs as remedial agents for sick persons "the same materials and influences which preserve health in well persons." This simply means that health is to be restored by the elements of health and not by the employment of substances and influences that are known to cause disease. We are fully convinced that these Hygienic means are so intrinsically friendly to the human body that a very extraordinary degree of bungling, of ignorance and presumption, is required to produce results that are really dangerous; that a medical man does more frequent and more serious mischief with his drugs, even the simplest of them, than a Hygienist of very modest experience does or can do with any misapplication of Hygienic means.
Hygiene is a natural system of caring for the sick and is of universal application. It comprehends the maintenance of all the conditions of health, the removal of all the causes of impaired health and a thorough and scientific application of the elements of health as the proper and sufficient means of supplying the needs of the recuperative and reparative powers of the living organism in restoring health. In acute disease it is the most safe and speedy means; in chronic, the only one reliable. The relief it gives is real and permanent. There is no form of disease, there is no condition of the human system in which Hygiene, wisely applied, is not adapted to the wants of the living organism. Health is the natural termination of disease, and the conditions of health are provided by Hygiene. Hygiene means more than taking a bath. Names are not things, and Hygiene has a broad meaning. The agents of Hygiene are all the elements of nature which have a vital relationship to the human constitution, and are those most intimately connected with the phenomenon of life. The elements of life are air, water, food, temperature and, perhaps, a few less understood elements. Anatomy, physiology and pathology teach us the structure of the human system, the nature of its healthy processes, and the diseases to which it is liable. Chemistry opens to us the vast domains of nature and makes us acquainted with the elements in which we live, move and have our being. When all these are understood, a true philosophy teaches us to apply these principles to the grand objects of health-science--the preservation and restoration of health; and it is this philosophy, in its broadest and widest application, which has received the designation Natural Hygiene.
At first glance, the superficial observer is likely to think that Hygienic means are too few in number, that a thing as complex as life and the seemingly more complex thing called disease, will certainly require a greater array of materials and "remedies" than are contained in our Materia Hygienica. This is both a superficial and a mistaken view. The elements of the Materia Hygienica are the same in kind and number as the means by which nature has provided for the growth, development, maintenance and reproduction of man and for the preservation of health.
Of means whereby health may be restored there are as many and they are as varied as are the means at man's disposal for the preservation of health. It is enough that the Art Restorative should be coextensive with the means--both as regards means and extent--with the Art Preservative; for, scientifically regarded, they are identical. Several materials, conditions, forces and elements are involved in establishing and maintaining the conditions necessary to health; but each and all are subject to the regular laws of nature. We cannot hope to restore health by violating these laws or by violating the conditions of health.
Can we doubt the fullness and adequacy of nature's provisions? Not unless we are prepared to impeach the whole reign of law and order and to cast suspicions upon the whole natural order. But a glance is required to reveal that ample means are provided by nature for producing and perpetuating human life, not human life in some feeble and inadequate form, but in its fullness and strength. The very fact that man exists and has long existed and increased under all the disadvantages to which he has subjected himself, testifies to the abundance and minuteness of the means of sustaining him in the highest health.
Are these means of life sufficient to the work of restoration when health has been lost? It is commonly assumed that they are not. It is assumed that the sick need foreign and adventitious substances that have no normal relation to life, that are not required in a state of health, and that are, as a rule, inimical to health, if health is to be restored. Instead of trusting to the laws of being and relying upon the adequacies of the normal means of life, that provide for development and restoration, it is customary to resort to expedients--things, means, plans, purposes, that are outside and independent of the means that provide for a normal development and preservation and that violate the laws of man's being. The sick organism is frequently denied many of the very elements by which living organisms sustain themselves and by which they grow and develop, and attempts are made to build and maintain health and strength with means that are too well known to make the human organism sick. Our common means of caring for the sick are at war with nature. Man is at war with nature in both his mode of living and in his way of caring for the sick.
Materials and influences, to be used by the sick organism in the restoration of health, must be such as normally sustain a life-giving instead of a death-dealing relation to the body. The fitness of any substance for use in caring for the sick must be determined by its usefulness to the healthy. Whatever is acceptable to the healthy organism, whatever it can use in the production and maintenance of structure and conduct of function is Hygienic and is usable by the sick.
Of means whereby the sick may be adequately cared for, these are as many and as varied as are those at man's command for the preservation of health. It is the Hygienic position that these are all-sufficient for the restoration as for the preservation of health. The means of restoring health are co-extensive--both as regards kind and extent--with the means of preserving it. The two groups of means and measures are one and identical. Health is restored by the same means by which it is pre served. As a living organism cannot use in a state of sickness what it cannot use in a state of health, there can be no other means of restoring health.
We see, therefore, that the elements of Hygiene answer the demands of health and the requirements of disease, according as they are applied or used. Their use in health is determined by nature alone; in our care of the sick, their use is left to the discriminating skill of man.
Most people's prejudices against the Hygienic System arise out of the very simplicity of its means and methods. So long have we been educated to belittle and deprecate the simple health requirements of nature and to rely upon the mysterious and incomprehensible and to misunderstand the nature of disease and to grossly overrate the danger of certain conditions, that we find ourselves entirely unable to appreciate the adequacy of the means employed in Hygienic practice to the accomplishment of the ends sought.
We are frequently asked: where are our experiments? Do we need experiments to prove that man cannot live without air? Are we called upon to prove that fresh air is better than foul? Must we show experimentally that rest and sleep are nature's processes of recuperation? Must we demonstrate the value of cleanliness? Are experiments needed today to convince us that violent emotions are ruinous? Have we so far forgotten the benefits of exercise that we need them demonstrated to us in the laboratory? After all the experiments that have been performed, that confirmed the experiences that processed and refined foods are inadequate to meet man's nutritive needs, do we need more experiments to demonstrate this fact all over again? Can we not accept the very means by which we live without having to have their value demonstrated in the laboratory?
The medical profession, through every means at its command, has long taught people to poison themselves with deadly drugs whenever they were ill. They have long, too long, taught the doctrine of casting out devils through Beelzebub. In the days of our ignorance this may have been permissible. But now light has come into the world. A new dispensation has dawned.
Evil must be overcome with good. Disease must be limited by supplying the conditions of health, not by producing new diseases. The medical profession no longer serves any possible end. The eyes of the people are being opened to the hard consequences of medicine's false philosophy and fatal practices. The profession, its philosophy and its practices should pass and be forgotten.
The value of remedial measures in the philosophy of care by Hygienic means can be understood only by a distinct recognition of those conditions of body denominated health and disease and by the means by which these conditions are developed and maintained. So intrinsically superior is the Hygienic way of caring for the human organism to any other system ever offered to man or practiced by him that nothing is needed to commend it to the general judgment and acceptance of man but a full understanding of it.