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THE laws of nature--or God, if youplease--have been broken before disease manifests. Disease is a crisis, which meansan effort on the part of the body to eliminate pent-up toxins. It is a systematichouse-cleaning, and would not be necessary if irrational living had not brought onenervation, checking elimination and causing Toxemia. I must declare that there isno logic--absolutely no common-sense--in breaking every law of nature, as conventionalcivilization does, and, when retribution comes, endeavor to sidestep the consequencesby getting under the cover of cure or prevention, which in no wise corrects outlawryor its penalty.
Thinking people can know, if they wantto, that disease is not what medical science teaches--namely, symptom-complexes causedby extraneous influences--and that it may not be prevented or cured by vaccines orserums. Disease, so-called, is nature's way of curing. A cold is elimination of toxin.To stop the symptoms means to stop elimination, which means forcing the organismto retain the toxins and gradually grow a larger toleration, until life is overwhelmedby a so-called acute disease or a chronic organic disease, which may end in the destructionof some important organ, or life itself.
Disease is auto-house-cleaning, andall the treatment necessary is rest of body and mind. So-called treatment or curativemeasures are positively obstructive.
Isn't it a fact that immunity to diseaseis natural? Man breaks down his immunity by building Toxemia and a cesspool underhis diaphragm The only reason why people are ever sick is because their resistanceis broken down. I say broken-down resistance advisedly; for if people who are subjectto so-called epidemics are educated into proper living--proper care of their bodies--andthey then live accordingly, they rise above the so-called disease-producing influences.
TOXEMIA is the basic cause of all diseases.To prevent Toxemia, avoid enervation in children. Of all the nerve-destroying influencesto which children are subjected, the most pernicious are those that cause fear--fearof failing in school; the displeasure of teacher and parents; stupid scolding byparents, whose only excuse is grouchiness from their own torpid livers, brought onthem from eating bacon, eggs, liver, hot bread, and coffee for breakfast, or someother as vicious indulgence, which causes domestic bickering. Unhappy homes are aconstant menace to the health of children. Parents should spare children an exhibitionof their venom.
Standing at the head of the list ofcauses of enervation in children is Fear. We as a people overlook the real menacesto health, and teach bacteriology, infection, contagion, etc. And, to immunize againstthese so-called influences, we vaccinate and contaminate the blood of children, therebyadding an ally to Toxemia and fear, to break down resistance still further.
Just why the profession reasons sogrotesquely concerning health, diseases, and their causes and treatment, is beyondunderstanding. The most obvious truth should be that 100 per cent health is all theimmunization which an animal or a man needs. This being true, why not "get downto brass tacks," discard our rag-baby delusions concerning germs, contagions,infections, etc., and be taught by the obvious--namely, that health is the normalstate, and that any influence that lowers nerve-energy lowers the health standard?Germs cannot be a cause, because they are ubiquitous--ever-present. If they are thecause of disease, no one would ever reach the state called health. So-called epidemics,contagions, and infections do not influence normal, healthy children. Who are thechildren that make up the sick list? They are found in homes where discontent, scolding,complaining, nervousness, loud voices, sharp rebukes, threatenings, fault-finding,disputes, arguing, castigating, are the daily routine. Real love and kindness arecrowded out. Everyone is grouchy, and there appears to be a rivalry in seeing whocan make the most cutting retorts. No care is given to eating, and little to theproper preparation of food. The best food will disagree when temper, irritation,and grouch prevail.
Unpoised parents always have nervouschildren. Such homes have much use for doctors--medical men who talk of germs, puremilk, vaccine, serum, contagion, and a lot of inane bunk on that order, but not aword concerning the pure milk of human kindness, love, and sympathy.
Fear in the homes and schools is thecause of about all the so-called diseases that belabor health officers and causethem to issue their bulls ordering vaccination, quarantine, tonsillotomy, tests,etc., etc.
Fear enervates; Toxemia follows; afterwhich any old so-called disease may start. Then complicate it by "regular treatment,"and "say, boy!" you are in line for any unusual usual disease.
That children are made sick by fearis not strange when we think of how fear is taught to children by parents and teachers,and then followed up by three professions--preachers, doctors, and lawyers; the latterenforcing the mandates of the doctors. The bogy devil and hell have gone out of fashion,but have been supplanted by the fear of germs and the dreadful diseases they cause,and the more dreadful brews concocted to scare away microscopic witches.
These various usurpers of nervous energyare worthy an illuminating essay each; for all play a part in the denaturing of man,and by building enervation, lay the foundation for all so-called diseases by causingretention of toxin in the blood. When enervation is produced, elimination is checked,and Toxemia is established; then deterioration of the organism begins, subtilelyat first, manifesting on organs most stressed by use and abuse, showing up as functionalderangements, which subside, to recur at longer or shorter intervals, until organicchange (pathology) is established.
Lack of harmony in the homes is oneof the most constant causes of enervation followed by Toxemia, and then the diseases"peculiar to children."
Children suffer from this cause. Eventhe infant is made sick by the mother's milk, when the latter is irritated by thedomestic infelicities occurring daily. Mothers are often subjected to the bestialityof sensual husbands, which prenatally curses the child; and the pernicious influenceoften remains throughout its life. Read Tilden's "Toxemia Explained."
Care of Prospective Mothers
PROSPECTIVE mothers should hold intheir consciousness the ideals on the lines of which they would have their childrenevolve. A passive wish will not etch into the nervous system of the prospective childa formative desire--the mother must live her desires. Honesty must be lived--notsimply paying debts agreed upon, but doing unto others as she would have others dounto her. This commandment, which is the foundation of ethics, is acted upon perfunctorilyand ostentatiously by convention; but there is no soul-building force in it, andthe mothers who would transmit ideal traits to their children must live them. Inthe performance of this function they may fool their neighbors, their friends, andtheir God; but they cannot fool the laws of biology--the laws of their being.
The grasping merchant prince transmitskleptomania to his beautiful daughter; the sins committed in secret are declaredfrom the housetops; the tippling mother transmits dipsomania to her son; and thelustful parents stamp nymphomania on the daughter and libertinism on the son.
The reckless disregard for law andorder that is racing rampant throughout the world is the materialization of the unholypractices etched into the plastic nervous system of children by parents.
Mothers, would you have your childrennormal, self-controlled, and happy? Then you must be. Do you want to have a normal--whichis an easy--labor, and be able to nurse your child? Then live normally; avoid gluttony;control your emotion; learn to be poised; study (not read) "Toxemia Explained,"and the "Cook Book." Cultivate the study and thinking habits. Enlarge yourvocabulary by daily reference to a good dictionary. We cannot without words learnto think--stamp ideal habits on our children. We shall not need prohibition and otherstupid laws when the mothers of our country cease to be food-drunkards and sensualists.
Fathers who are unwilling to do theirpart in the betterment of the coming race should not assume the responsibility.
Men and women must know more concerningtheir influence in shaping the lives of their children. Excesses of parents dull,and even inhibit, the moral development of children. Moral idiots are begotten inlust and conventional drunkenness. If the race is deteriorating, the fault lies inthe habits and daily doings of parents.
If a mother wishes to have an obedientchild--one that is sensible and lovable--she should live a sensible and lovable andobedient life herself, practicing self-control continually. If a mother would havea normal child, she must live a normal life.
Exercise.--All through pregnancythe tensing exercises, as given in my book, "Toxemia Explained," shouldbe practiced daily. For the first few months, all the exercises may be used. As timegoes on, the exercising may be a little less vigorous, selecting those exerciseswhich do not bring much strain on the abdomen.
A limited amount of walking, housework,etc., may be carried on, always being careful about overstraining when lifting.
Bathing.--During this periodthe body should be kept particularly clean by giving the skin plenty of attention,so as to keep the skin-circulation as active as possible and elimination perfect.A warm sponge-bath should be taken, either night or morning, a thorough dry-towelrubbing should be given at night, or vice versa. Once a week the sponge-bath maybe replaced with a hot-tub soap and water-bath, being careful not to soak the bodytoo long in hot water. Hot-water bathing is enervating.
Douches.--If there is any leucorrhea,or any other discharge from the vagina, a douche should be taken each night beforeretiring, until it has subsided. Use quite warm water, with a tablespoonful of saltto the gallon of water.
Enemas.--If the bowels failto move during the day, before retiring at night use a small enema of a pint of water.Put it into the bowels, allow it to remain for a short time, and then solicit a movement.If no results are obtained, do not worry--just let the bowels alone. If they do notmove during the next day, repeat the enema at night.
Kidneys.--At least once a month,from the beginning of pregnancy, the urine should be examined by someone qualifiedto do so, to ascertain that all is well and no albumin is showing in the urine.
Corsets.--If a proper amountof exercise is taken regularly before pregnancy, and the ligaments and muscles ofthe abdomen and pelvis are so strengthened, very little support will be necessary.It is better to have as little binding as possible; but, if a support is necessary,there are some well-fitting maternity corsets on the market which are a great help.Supports are not necessary when eating and exercise are correct in amount.
Eating Habits.--The mother shouldnot change her habits of eating during this period, except to see that she does notovereat. The breakfast should be light--merely a little fruit, such as apples, pears,oranges, grapefruit, berries, or any fresh fruit, according to season.
At noon, have a vegetable soup, preparedaccording to the directions given in the "Cook Book." Follow this witha good big combination salad.
At night, have the regulation Tildendinners: meat one day, with two cooked, non-starch vegetables and a combination salad;the alternate days, a decidedly starchy food in place of the meat, with the vegetablesand salad.
All fancy foods, such as pies, cakes,and desserts of all kinds, should be sidestepped. Just live as simply as possible.
Prospective mothers should watch theirweight during pregnancy. Just before confinement a woman should not weigh more thanten pounds above her regular weight. At the beginning of pregnancy the increase inweight should be very little and the gain very gradual. If the weight increases toorapidly, the intake of food should be cut down, so as to hold the weight down.
Mothers should not follow the customof eating for two, building excess weight, and suffer from the symptom-complexesof swollen limbs, varicose veins, kidney burden, Toxemia, surgery, enlarged womb,uterine catarrh, misplacements, fibroid tumor, and, in ten to twenty years, uterinecancer, etc. Children born of such parents develop into mediocre human animals. Theirmost characteristic inherited tendencies are appetite and passion. They mature early,and their sex-complex drives them into lust and every excess that gives a thrill.They soon bring on pronounced enervation and imperfect elimination, establishingchronic Toxemia, after which the organism subtilely builds organic disease. The tuberculardiathesis builds pulmonary tuberculosis, after going through all the preliminarycrises of Toxemia--namely, all the so-called catarrhal diseases. The mind and nervoussystem have their symptom-complexes. The glandular--the ductless and duct glands--havetheir share of composite derangement wished on them by Toxemia, occupation, and habits.
A child born of a gluttonous mothermay die of childbirth injuries, or subsequent so-called diseases caused by disagreeingmother's milk or the hazards of post-natal readjustment
What is meant by post-natal readjustmentis that a plethoric infant (a fat baby) will continue obese, and come to a prematureend unless he is properly reduced. To do so requires much time Readjusting meansproper food and exercise, continuing over a period long enough for the cell-tissueto be biologically educated out of its hydropic habit. Obesity is a disease, and,as in the case of all so-called diseases, when the cause is removed nature must havetime to return to the normal.
Few fat people have the self-controlto live in a manner, and for a sufficient length of time, for nature to get backto the normal. The same is true of all those suffering from all other so-called diseases.Should the fat boy live to maturity, his reproductive function will lack virility;and should he reproduce, the progeny would lack virility and vitality, and woulddie early. Most children of this type die within the second year, or suffer withdigestive derangements, lose weight, become underweight from malnutrition, and continuethroughout a life of thirty to seventy years of semi-invalidism. Fat babies are proneto die of diseases "peculiar to children." They do not bear up well underthe so-called contagious diseases.
Morning Sickness.--Morning sicknessis nature's punishment for past sins committed. Prospective mothers who have morningsickness have abused their privilege in all lines. They have sought pleasure to excess,have danced too much, and have imprudently cooled the body after being heated, bysitting in a draft, drinking too much water or soda-fountain beverages, or chillingthe stomach too frequently with ices; and in their every-day lives they have eatentoo much, too frequently, and of improper food combinations, and neglected to masticateand insalivate starchy foods properly. Instead of eating a reasonable amount morning,noon, and night, many have eaten five times a day, and sometimes oftener. The humanbody has its limitations, and everyone should try to learn what they are, and thenrespect them. The commonest drunkenness is food-drunkenness. Physical and mentalpleasures enjoyed to excess are a form of drunkenness, and sooner or later bringon enervation. Those who are enervated fail to eliminate the waste-products of thebody as fast as necessary, and toxins are retained in the system, bringing on whatI define as Toxemia. People in this state are in line for catching colds, coughing,and having the lighter forms of so-called diseases, such as colds, headache, sorethroat lasting a few days, fits of indigestion, constipation, and other so-calleddiseases.
A young woman getting married, afterbringing on this state of her organism, is almost invariably troubled with morningsickness, because in all such cases there is a gastro-intestinal indigestion, ifnot catarrhal inflammation. A sensitive, catarrhal stomach is the commonest derangementof people who ordinarily pass as normal or healthy. Pregnancy in such subjects isaccompanied by an extraordinary state of the stomach, which is called morning sickness--oftenit is an all-day sickness. These subjects continue abusing themselves with irregulareating and imprudent eating, which aggravates the so-called morning sickness. Thosetroubled with morning sickness should fast a reasonable length of time, and, whenindulging in food, they should take a little fruit for breakfast. If fruitirritates the stomach, or the stomach rebels by becoming nauseated, this feelingshould pass off before any more food is taken. If the discomfort lasts during theforenoon, no food should be taken at noon. Hot water, sipped slowly, in place offood, should bring some relief, and, to quiet the irritation of the stomach, hotwater may be sipped at intervals all the forenoon. If the afternoon is spent in comfortwithout nausea, a light dinner should be indulged in in the evening--a small pieceof broiled steak, a lamb chop, or any other meat desired, with one or two properlycooked vegetables and a combination salad. Bread or starches in any form should notbe eaten. Certainly no eating of an improper character should be indulged in, suchas cake, ice-cream, custard, as these will increase the nausea and prolong a recovery.
When comfortable, plain eating shouldbe the rule: in the morning, if the stomach will accept it, a piece of dry toast,eaten without butter, masticating each morsel until liquefied in the mouth, and thenfollowed with orange juice and water half and half, or any table beverage ordinarilyused, except tea or coffee; at noon, fruit; and in the evening, the regulation dinner,similar to the one mentioned above. Avoid heavy eating until the nausea has entirelydisappeared; then respect digestive limitations. Remember that self-control is transmissible.
Care of the Breasts After Childbirth.--Breast-pumpsare builders of abscesses, if they are not used properly. When mothers are forcedto their use, they should have them manipulated by someone who is well skilled intheir use. I never advise the use of the breast-pump unless absolutely necessary.If there is no abuse or bruising of the breasts, there will be no cause for abscesses.
If for any reason it is necessary todry up the breasts, it is not necessary to resort to the breast-pump to draw offthe accumulated milk. This is often the cause of abscess. It is not necessary totake away the milk. If the breasts become feverish and swollen, the mother shouldlie down and put dry warm or hot applications over them. They may be painful fora short time, but it does not take more than a day or two to start the drying-upof the milk. This procedure is much safer and quicker than the use of the breast-pump.The milk dries up very rapidly after it has once started to do so. After about twenty-fourhours of being swelled to the fullest capacity, the breasts begin to decline.
If the nipples become inverted, theyshould be drawn out daily and gently massaged.
The nipples may be hardened by gentlemassage and daily washing with cold water.
Miscarriage and Abortion.--Theword "abortion" means throwing-off of the foetus before the third month.It may be criminal abortion or brought on accidentally. After the third month itis called miscarriage. Abortions are frequently caused by over-excitement, long andtiresome rides, lifting and straining in housework, or excessive venery. This last-namedcause is common to those wives whose consorts are sadly in need of knowledge of thetrue relationship of husband and wife. Excess brutalizes both husband and wife, breedscontempt, and often curses children before birth.
Mothers should keep quiet followingan accident of the above-described kind. They should use hot douches three timesa day. If there is pain, the family physician should be called. If no disagreeablesymptoms appear, perhaps all that is necessary will be to use hot douches two orthree times a day. No drugs are to be used in the douche, except a little salt orsoda. When a disagreeable odor develops, a good doctor is needed. Cleanliness isthe main thing; but, if there is any discomfort or fever following, a physician shouldbe called who will give intra-uterine treatment. Neglect may cost a life.
General Care of Children
CARE AT BIRTH
IF THE labor has been hard--if the mother has beenin labor from six to twenty-four hours, and is quite worn out the baby should beanointed with some bland oil, like olive or cottonseed oil, wrapped in cotton, andlaid away where it can be perfectly quiet and warm for twenty-four hours. Babies,under such circumstances, are pretty well worn out, and they should not be handledenough to bathe and dress them soon after birth, as is common. Pay no attention tofeeding--rest is all that is necessary. In twenty-four hours the child should bebathed in warm water--soft water, if possible--using the best castile soap, or atoilet soap that is known to be mild. If everyone connected with the case will bebetter satisfied to have a bandage on the child, put one on. I always acquiesce inthis superstition--in fact, I acquiesce in all superstitions that are innocent; slightvariations without a difference that do not amount to anything; anything to keeppeople from worry and anxiety. After the child is dressed, it may be put to the breast.
Concerning the wearing apparel: If wool is used, it shouldbe very soft. Linen is better, and soft cotton will do. I do not believe in dresses.A long, soft, cotton-flannel or linen gown is about all that is necessary to puton a child. A change of gowns can be made without tiring the child. When gowns areused, they can be changed as often as is necessary without much trouble.
If the child has come into the world tired because of themother's long or hard labor, it is perfectly natural for its body to be a littlesore. This causes it to be restless, and it needs its position changed often. Afterthe washing, the body should be anointed with oil, and gently rubbed with a softhand from head to foot to rest it Aside from slipping on a gown, nothing but changingthe position or giving it the breast is necessary, night or day. Feeding at nightshould never be started.
It is a very great mistake to put a newborn baby on exhibition,because handling it, throwing a strong natural or artificial light into its face,so people may inspect it, loud talking, laughing, etc., in the same room where thebaby is, use up its nerve-energy and creates more or less enervation.
WHEN BABY BEGINS TO NOTICE
Do not feel that it is necessary to entertain babies. Theyshould be left alone, to learn how to entertain themselves. Babies and children whohave entertainment furnished them make very dependent grown people--the kind whoare lonesome and homesick when a time comes, which it will, for them to take a restcure. Children brought up without education in self-entertainment and self-controlbreak all laws of man and nature, and end in hospitals, penitentiaries, and prematuredeath. Every child should be allowed enough time to become acquainted with, and learnto entertain, itself. All that is necessary until a child is able to turn itselfover in bed is to change its position. Eternal attention builds an egotism that isruinous.
BABYHOOD TO FULL MATURITY
Bathing.--The baby should be given a daily bath frombirth, but not a daily soaking. Many children suffer from depletion of their vitalenergy by being overbathed---soaked--in water. The daily bath should be given quickly,using warm water--neither very hot nor very cold. The sponging-off of the body shouldbe followed with a brisk, soft dry-towel rubbing. Your children need to be bathedin a warm room.
Two or three times a week for the first three months a baby'sbody may be anointed with oil, rubbed well, and then the surplus wiped off with asoft cloth.
Once a week a warm soap-bath may be used, thoroughly scouringthe body and rinsing well.
The temperature of all baths should be about blood-heat.During hot summer weather, after the second year, a cool bath may be used; but childrenthat have weakened hearts should not be subjected to cool or cold water.
The less soap used, the better. Of course, with growing,active children it is necessary to use some soap, in order to keep them clean; butthe use of much soap ruins the self-cleansing function of the skin.
The bath, from babyhood up, may be given at the most convenienttime, either morning or evening. Many homes are not warm enough in the morning forbathing in comfort. However, it is well to establish a regular bathing hour.
Children should be taught early to keep their bodies clean.Hot houses and clothes make bathing necessary, and the skin which is not cleansedproperly has a peculiar odor. As soon as they are old enough, they should be taughtto take their own daily baths. Water of about blood-heat may be drawn in the tubto the depth of a few inches. The child may squat or stand in the water, and, usinga sponge or the hand, bring the water well over the body, using a little soap onthe parts requiring special attention. The soap should be thoroughly rinsed off.Then follow with a brisk towel-rubbing.
A short rubber hose, with spray attachment on the end, allowsthe bath to be given quickly, and the child enjoys its use.
Children should be taught to keep the genital organs clean--washingthem as often as the face, eyes, and ears. This cleanliness will remove the causeof irritation which leads to self abuse. Irritation from lack of cleanliness is followedby rubbing of the itching parts--the genitals--and this ends in onanism.
The entire surface of the body must be kept clean. The skinis just as much an organ of the body as the stomach, liver, etc., and a neglectedorgan becomes diseased. Then, through sympathy, other organs become less efficient.Cleanliness leads to godliness.
The mucous membrane lining the intestinal tract, air-passages,etc., is the skin within, and it is in sympathy with the skin without. Neglect toeither reflects on the other. It is no uncommon thing to see people suffering fromindigestion due almost entirely to a neglected surface of the body.
And so-called skin diseases, including eruptive diseases,follow on the heels of gastro-intestinal derangements brought on from carelessnessin eating. Intestinal putrescence is the basic cause of eruptive diseases.
Air- and Sun-Baths.--As soon as it is possible, putthe child on its face--I mean allow it to lie on its stomach. When the weather iswarm and the room comfortable, and the sun shines through the window, very youngbabies can be given sun-baths. Put a soft comforter on the floor, and put the childdown on it, face down. There is no danger of its smothering. Children treated inthis manner will walk earlier than children who are kept on their backs continually.It is a mistake to leave a child on its back all the time. That is the reason whyI suggest that when very young they should be changed from side to side. The sun-baths,to start with, should not be of long duration--say, five or ten minutes. The babiesthen can be left nude on the floor out of the sun for quite a while, if awake. Whena child goes to sleep, or appears sleepy, it should be put in its bed. The childmust be watched during the sun-bath. Those of low resistance may become chilly, andthey should be returned to bed at once. The next air-bath should be in a warmer room,watching the child to avoid chilling. Many children are forced into ill-health becauseof lack of air and an overheated state of the surface of the body.
Young children should be taken out of doors on all warm,sunny days; but they should not be chilled. Resisting cold uses up nerve-energy.When the feet are cold, it becomes a constant drain on the nerve- energy, and willsoon bring a child to a state of enervation that leads to indigestion.
Older children should not be allowed to sit with cold ordamp feet. This chilling will hinder digestion.
Care of Beds and Sleeping-Rooms.--The beds shouldbe scrupulously clean. Bed-pads should be used on top of mattresses, so that theycan be replaced frequently. It is a very great mistake to allow children to sleepon mattresses without pads; for the mattresses will become soiled so frequently thatit will be a source of great expense to replace them as often as cleanliness andthe children's health demands. If pads are used, they can be washed and changed often.
The sleeping-rooms of children should be aired thoroughlythrough the day. Beds should be opened, and, if possible, the bed-clothing shouldbe put in the sun.
Clothing.--Children should sleep in nightgowns, whichshould be changed as often as twice a week.
During the hot weather, when the days and nights are warm,as they are in many of the southern and central states, babies should not be overdressed.They should sleep under light covering. When the nights are pleasantly cool, theyshould sleep in pajamas with closed bottoms at the feet.
In very hot weather, babies should be dressed as lightlyas possible. To go almost naked is a great comfort to children in hot weather; butwhen cold weather comes they should have sufficient clothing to keep from chilling.
Clothing that children wear should be of a washable nature--nottoo heavy. Why should a child be overclothed in a warm house? The feet of childrenshould be watched, and kept dry and warm. Overshoes for winter weather should alwaysbe used, and the overclothing should be heavy enough to protect them from the weather.I do not advocate wool next to the skin. Cotton or linen is good enough. Underwearis not necessary. Care for the skin, and teach it to be a protector and not to needprotection.
Overheated houses and overclothing cause enervation of theskin; and an enervated skin does not protect the body well. The clothing in the homeand schoolhouse, if well heated, should be light even in winter; and then, when thechildren go out of doors, the outer clothing may be of a much heavier weight--longovercoats and high overshoes and leggings, if they are to play in the snow.
Children should wear long stockings in cold climates. Itis all right to have them wear short socks in a temperate climate all the year around,but in the colder climates the long stockings should be used when the weather beginsto get cold.
Mothers who are aware of the fact that they are not strongand that consequently their children are not strong, should give their children morecareful attention than the mother who knows that she is husky and her children arehusky. Too many mothers try to harden their children after they have a bad startat birth. There is so much difference between children that different rules of caremust be applied to different families.
Babies Must Be Kept Warm.--All young children mustbe watched carefully, to see that they do not chill at night; or, for that matter,they must not chill at any time, day or night. If a child is to thrive, it must bekept warm. To allow a sick or frail child to chill every day will eventually killit, no matter how good care it may receive otherwise. The feet should be felt frequently,to make sure that they are warm. Artificial heat should be used, if necessary. Evenin the summer time the feet may chill without artificial heat. A woolen blanket shouldbe used to wrap the feet in when there is danger of chilling. A sickly child hasno power to warm its own body, and it must be warmed artificially.
Care of Napkins.--The baby's napkins should be changedas soon as they are wet. When the napkin is removed, the body should be sponged andcleansed wherever the parts are wet. The napkins should always be washed before theyare used again. To use a napkin that has been wet with urine and dried without washingcauses a great deal of skin irritation. Cleanliness will cure all skin irritationsof this kind.
Perfume or talcum powders with a decided odor should notbe used; for such odors cover the body odors and often mislead. The odor of the bodyis a sign which mothers need in caring for their babies. It is all right to use alittle plain cream on the irritated parts after washing thoroughly, and a littleplain talcum powder; but do not overdo this.
Poised Mothers.--Poised mothers reflect this qualityin their children. Mothers who have no self-control and no poise should not expectto have poised children. The habit of poise should be formed long before conception,and then continued during the nursing period and on through maturity.
Weight.--The weight of the child, even at birth, dependsmuch on the build of the parents. One should not expect to find a so-called fat babywhere the mother and father are of the long, lean type. This is why the rules andtables for weights of children are so absurd. They do not take into considerationat all the parentage of the child.
When mothers watch their eating, and restrict themselvesduring pregnancy so as to have a normal and natural childbirth, the baby should weighfrom three to six pounds. The rule is that there is no gain the first week, and neitheris there much of a loss. In fact, children that are born of mothers who restrictthemselves during pregnancy do not gain so much the first year as overfed childrenof overfed mothers, but they are much safer, so far as health is concerned, thanthose who gain so rapidly. Such children will be much more healthy and active. Thegain during the first six months is usually from three to six pounds. There is nothinglike the mother's milk to keep the gain in weight regular. Changing from one foodto another always interferes with the proper development and gain in weight of thechild. There are many things which occur during the first year to interfere withthe steady increase in weight, and it is bound to vary from time to time. Mothersshould not worry so much about the weight of their children, but pay more attentionto their physical comfort, letting that be the guide in their care.
The fat child is supposed to be healthy, but a slender, wirychild always has a better chance for development and maturity than the overfat, roly-poIychild. A fat child is an incumbered child.
Teething, Talking and Walking. --There is no hardand fast rule which can be laid down regarding the proper age for walking, talking,and teething in babies.
As to walking, parents who eat beyond their needs, makingthemselves stupid and dull, should not expect to have a child that will walk earlyin life. It will have a slowly developed nervous system, and this may handicap itfor life. An active child, born of active parents who have had some self-controlin their early lives, will walk early. Such children may walk at nine months of age.If walking is delayed too long, up to the approach of the second year, there hasprobably been a little paralysis--infantile paralysis--so light that it has not beennoticed, that is retarding the walking in the child.
As to talking, it is governed by about the same principlesas walking. Active, bright children, born unincumbered, will talk earlier than sluggish,heavy children. It is usually the small--or what is known as the undersized--childthat talks early--at nine months or even earlier. By the end of the first year thechild should begin to talk; but, if this has been delayed, the cause may be the sameas the cause of delayed walking--a slight paralysis.
As to teething, there is also a great variety in this particularfunction in babies. Even in the same family the date for the appearance of teethvaries. Usually about the fiifth month the two central lower teeth begin to appear,and then the four upper teeth in the center about the eighth month. From the endof the first year to the eighteenth month the other front teeth follow. At the endof the first year the child usually has six teeth, at eighteen months twelve, attwo years sixteen, and at two years and a half, twenty teeth.
If children have trouble at teething time, it is due to overfeeding,which brings on indigestion. If the teeth are slow in developing, there may be alack of some of the body-building elements in the food that is being used.
Care of the Eyes and Month.--Sprue is a whitish, stringy-likesubstance that collects in the mouth, under the tongue and around the gums--in fact,all over the inside of the mouth when the condition is bad. It is caused by too frequentfeeding from a mother who has eaten too much of the starchy foods. If a child isproperly fed, and not fed more than three or four times at the most in the daytime,and not at all during the night, there will be no trouble of this kind.
If, however, the condition appears, it can be overcome withoutmuch trouble if the mother who is nursing the child will cut out all the starchyfood for a few days and eat more freely of the fresh fruits and raw vegetable salads,together with the regulation dinner in the evening, consisting of meat, cooked vegetables,and salad.
I do not approve of any of the mouth-washes that are suggestedto be used at such a time. This is merely palliation, and the real cause, not beingrecognized and done away with, will build more trouble in the future. It means thatthe mother is building an acid condition through her overeating on starch; and thiswill build further trouble for her also later on.
There should be little or no trouble with the eyes of a baby,if it is properly cared for. One of the principal things to watch is the cleansingof the wash-cloth that is used on the baby's eyes. In fact, the wash-cloth shouldbe used on the body of the child, but a small piece of cotton should be used on theeyes, mouth, and the parts of the body where there is any secretion to be removed.Then the cotton can be thrown away and a new piece used each time. The eyes shouldbe bathed in warm water. If there seems to be some irritation, a little salt maybe added to the water, but nothing else.
Daily Habits at School Age.--Children just beginningschool should retire at eight o'clock at night in winter. Those who have been inschool several years may remain up until nine o'clock. In the summer time, when schoolis not in session, the retiring time may be an hour later for each age.
School children would be able to do twice as much work atschool, and very much better work, if arrangement could be made for an hour of sleep,or at least rest on the bed, at noon. Parents would do well to demand two hours atnoon, so that the children may come home and have an hour of rest--rest, not recreation--andthen take time to eat their lunches and not be compelled to rush the food into thestomach. Children not of school age should have a one-hour rest every day after thenoon meal. Those under four should also have an hour of rest during the forenoon.
Children should not have home studies. They should take justsuch work in school as they can do during the school hours. The plan of having tospend the entire evening preparing the lessons for the next day is a tremendous handicapfor children.
Sleep.--As stated above, children of school age needrest aside from the night's sleep. Babies under two or three years should have asmuch sleep as they can possibly get. If a child is restless and cannot sleep, itmeans that the nervous system is worn out, and it needs to have food kept from ituntil the nerves have had time to settle down. Then the amount of food should bekept within the digestive limitations, as evidenced by a poised state of the nerves.Mothers need a rest in the middle of the day, as well as the children, thereforethe habit should be built of mother and child going to bed for a rest after the noonmeal. Remember that it takes nerve-energy for digesting food; and there is nothingwhich renews nerve- energy so quickly and safely as sleep and rest.
Feeding Birth to Maturity
FIRST TO FOURTH MONTH
HOW often should a child be fed? Thisis a question that will continue to be asked as long as children are born, and theanswer will vary according to the prejudices, superstitions, and customs of the localityin which they are born. If babies are allowed to rest as they should, without handlingand fondling, they may be fed about three times a day for one or two days. A childthat is permitted to rest all it can, and has not been injured in childbirth, willprobably not awake oftener than three times in twenty-four hours. It is a very silly,foolish thing to awaken a child to put it to the breast. I have found that for thefirst three or four days after birth the baby will sleep nearly all the time--probablytwenty-three and one-half hours out of twenty-four.
At the beginning of the second weekor the end of the fourth or fifth day, the child should be nursed every four hoursduring the day--at six and ten o'clock in the morning, and at two and six o'clockin the afternoon; absolutely no night feeding.
After it is a week or so old, it maybe fed one-half to one teaspoonful of orange juice and water before the regular teno'clock nursing time.
If, between meal times, the child isfretful, or does not seem to be resting well, the nurse should gently turn it fromone side to the other, and then let it alone. It should not be taken up. It is nothungry, and it is not thirsty; so why be giving yourself any uneasiness about thechild being sick or not being fed often enough?
How long should a child be nursed?That depends entirely upon how fast the milk comes from the mother's breast. Wherethe milk flows freely and easily, the child should get all that it needs in fromthree to five minutes. Where the milk comes hard, the child may have to nurse tenor fifteen minutes. This will have to be found out by watching the child. If it seemsto be satisfied in about five minutes, put it away where it cannot be disturbed byhaving its bed jostled and hearing a lot of noise. The custom is to feed a youngchild every two hours. Those who are wedded to this belief should watch the stools.When there are any white flakes or minute curds showing in the movements from thebowels, it means that the child is being nursed too often or too long at a time.Cut the amount down. If it is nursing five minutes, cut it down to three minutes.If it is nursing ten minutes, cut it down to five minutes It is a very dangerousthing to continue to feed a child the same amount when evidences of indigestion,such as milk curds, begin to manifest themselves in the bowel movements. If thisis attended to early, there will be no danger of constipation, and the indigestionthat necessarily will soon follow. It is criminal carelessness to allow anythingof this kind to run on until the child is sick. Indigestion has been running on forsome time before such symptoms as a feverish condition, vomiting, or diarrhea willshow up. When children get to the age where they do not sleep all the time, the hoursof feeding should not be changed, if they are being fed every four hours throughthe day. Increase the length of time of nursing as the child appears to need morenourishment.
Concerning the feeding, common-senseshould enable a mother to increase the amount of nursing as needed by the child asit grows older.
FOURTH MONTH TO ONE YEAR
I do not believe in feeding childrenvery much other than milk in the first twelve months. Those who have normal, healthymothers should thrive very well for the first year if kept entirely on the mother'smilk, plus fruit and vegetable juices. After a child is three months old, it shouldbe taking a feeding of fruit and vegetable juices daily.
It should have orange juice, or a combinationof spinach, tomato, and lettuce juices. The spinach and lettuce should be run througha vegetable-mill, or bruised, and the juice extracted. A teaspoonful of this vegetablejuice, with a teaspoonful of orange juice, in four to six teaspoonfuls of water,can be given preceding the ten o'clock feeding. From week to week the amount of vegetablejuice is to be increased, and the amount of nursing decreased, until from the fourthor sixth month the child will be taking nothing except fruit and vegetable juicesat this time of day. At a year of age, vegetable and fruit pulp may be given. Bythat time various vegetables can be used--carrots, turnips; in fact, any fresh, succulentvegetables. The standbys, however, are lettuce, tomato, and spinach, with orangejuice. In the summer time, during the corn season, a cob of corn can be scraped,and the juice expressed and used with the other vegetable juices.
Children fed plenty of fruit and vegetablejuices, at least once a day, will thrive very much better than children who are keptexclusively on the mother's milk, or fed on cooked cereals. Catarrh, enlarged tonsils,adenoids, gastritis, colds, "flu"--in fact, all the "diseases peculiarto children"--are built by the acid of cooked cereals dressed with sugar. Butter,sweet foods, and candy are catarrh-builders; then add to this improper feeding thestupid custom of removing effects (tonsils and adenoids), and continuing the cause,and we have a picture of today's doings.
Teeth are removed, sinuses drained,and other operations performed, made necessary by feeding baby wrongly; and healthis expected to return without removing the cause--wrong living. This is stupidity.Children whose mothers have eaten a large-sized vegetable salad every day duringtheir pregnancy will be better off than children who are born of mothers who eatin the conventional way.
If the mother is healthy and givingall the food the child needs, and if the child is showing a wholesome condition,it should continue to nurse until about one year of age. If an ideal child is desired,nothing will be given but the mother's milk, with the exception of about once a daya little orange juice; and this should help keep the child in full health and thriving.I do not mean a big, fat, roly-poly baby; for that does not mean a normal condition.Strong and well proportioned is all that any one should desire a child to be.
At the beginning of the tenth month,nursing of the breast may be preceded by giving two ounces of "fifty-fifty"--halfmilk and half water (one ounce of milk and one ounce of water); then let the babyfinish, or satisfy its desire, with the mother's breast. For about a week the aboveamount of fifty-fifty will be given. Then increase to four ounces of fifty-fiftypreceding the breast nursing. This may be continued for two weeks longer. At thebeginning of the fourth week increase the fifty-fifty to six ounces. This is to becontinued to the beginning of the sixth week, when it may be increased to eight ounces.Continue this amount until the child is one year of age; then use the tables forartificial feeding for that age.
If the mother's milk begins to fail,as many do the third or fourth month, a mixture in the proportion of about one-thirdmilk and two-thirds water may be given after the child has taken all it can get fromthe mother's breast. It may have all of the milk-and-water mixture it desires, butthe stools should be watched. When white curds appear, it would indicate that a littlemuch of the artificial mixture of milk and water is given. Cut down the proportionof milk in the mixture, using more water than called for, until the curds disappear.Then increase again to the mixture as first given. As the mother's milk appears todecrease, feed according to the schedule outlined for artificial feeding for thatage.
A great many people have the idea thatthe child should be weaned when menstruation appears. This should not be an arbitraryrule if the mother is normal and the child is normal. If, however, there are symptomsthat the child is not thriving, it can be weaned and put on regular schedule forthat particular age.
It is unfortunate when mothers cannotnurse their babies for the first year. Many children get a wrong start the firstyear of life, and are more or less perverted, in a digestive or nutritional way,throughout life. Real mothers should have a care concerning the future of their childrenand be willing to make almost any personal sacrifice for their good. Mothers whoare self-indulgent to the point of gluttony, or sensual in any way should know thatthey are building a like legacy for their children. Gluttony causes hard labors.Injuries received during hard labors lead to uterine diseases, tumors, cancer, andmany derangements calling for surgery, with often negligible benefit. Leaving themothers out of the question, children are often injured; and many are infected bythe mother's milk, caused by the mother's injuries taking an a slight septic inflammation.These are the circumstances that often make artificial feeding of children necessary.
Modified Milk.--The milk ofcows, goats, and mares, "modified," is the best substitute for mother'smilk. Reduction by adding water is about all the modification that is necessary.
A healthy, well-cared-for cow--a commoncow --is better than the Alderney or Jersey, because the milk of the latter is toofat.
Care of Milk.--Cleanliness ispositively necessary. Keep the milk in clean bottles and on ice. Do not heatit above the body temperature--about 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
The supply for the whole day's feedingsmay be prepared in the morning all at one time and kept on ice until used. The mixturesof milk and water should be thoroughly shaken before a portion is taken out to beheated for a feeding.
TABLES FOR FEEDING
|First Week ||1 part milk, 19 parts water. |
2-1/2 oz. each feeding to begin with;
4 feeds per day; 6 and 10 a.m., 2 and
|Second Week ||1 part milk, 9 parts water |
|Fourth Week ||1 part milk, 5 parts water |
|Third Month ||1 part milk, 3 parts water |
|Fourth Month ||1 part milk, 1 part water |
At the beginning of the second month,a half to one teaspoon of orange juice and water may be given preceding the 10 a.m. feeding of milk.
At the beginning of the third month,spinach, tomato, and lettuce may be run through a vegetable-mill or through a coarsesieve. A teaspoonful of this combination vegetable juice and a teaspoonful of orangejuice in four to six teaspoonfuls of water may precede the 10 a. m. feeding of milk.
The fruit and vegetable juice withwater preceding 10 a. m. feeding should be increased, and the amount of milk takenshould be decreased, until at four to six months the milk should be dropped entirelyand only the juices taken at that feeding.
At one year of age, the vegetable pulpmay be taken along with the vegetable and fruit juices.
The proportions of milk and water shouldbe adhered to as given above, but the two and a half ounces may be gradually increasedas the baby shows a desire to take more. As to the rapidity of the increase, thatall depends upon the condition of the baby. The best check on the amount to be takenis in watching the stools. If there are any white specks or curds appearing in thestools, the amount of the feed should be cut down; and if that does not bring results,decrease the amount of milk and increase the amount of water until the baby's tolerationpoint is found. Then, as the baby gets back to normal, increase the proportion ofmilk, and also increase gradually the amount of the feed.
If the fruit and vegetable juices causeany trouble, drop them and go back to the milk feed entirely; then try it again morediluted, and increase more gradually. There are no cut-and-dried formulas which canbe laid down for the care and feeding of babies. General information can be given,but each baby is a law unto itself and must have its particular needs met with propertreatment.
If all goes well, the three feedingsof fifty-fifty, with the one feeding of vegetables and fruits, may be continued throughthe remainder of the first year.
Sugar (milk sugar), lime, and creamare added to hydrated milk by most specialists; but I never have, for I do not believein fattening children. Why? Because there is more sickness among fat, "ideallyhealthy" children than among the thin and slender.
So-called "undernourished children"are sick children. Most of them once belonged to the fat brigade--King Doc's reserves--whichare only brought on un-dress parade for the picture-show camera-man, and strictlyfor "health education."
Stockmen bring their pick to expositionsto show what ideal animals are like; but they never report the mortality. The sameis true of the fat-baby shows. There is no report how these little lumps of hydrocarbonfare in the next five years--how many die of "disease peculiar to" (fat)"children," how many are operated upon for enlarged tonsils and adenoids,or what percentage die from tuberculosis, rheumatic diseases, kidney disease, etc.,within the next five to twenty years.
FIRST SIX MONTHS
For the first six months of the secondyear the child should be fed fifty-fifty three times a day, and a vegetable and fruitcombination for the fourth meal.
The fifty-fifty may be given at 6 a.m., 2 p. m., and 6 p. m.; the fruit and vegetable meal at 10 a. m.
The fifty-fifty is made by combininghalf warm milk and half hot water. Whole milk should be used, and the fifty-fiftyshould be prepared fresh for each feeding.
As to the amount to be given at a feeding,the child should be allowed to take about what is desired, the stools being watchedas a guide for overeating. If small white milk curds appear in the bowel movements,it means that more milk is given than can be digested. Change the milk then fromfifty-fifty to one-third milk and two-thirds water; until the stools become normal.Then return to the fifty-fifty. If reducing the milk to one-third does not bringresults, do not hesitate to reduce it still more, increasing the proportion of wateruntil curds disappear from the stools then return to fifty-fifty.
At any time when the digestion seemsall right, but there is no increase in weight, increase the amount of fifty-fiftygiven, but do not increase the amount of milk without increasing the amount of wateralso. Keep the proportion fifty-fifty, milk and water.
For the vegetable and fruit meal at10 a. m., the vegetables and fruit may be run through a sieve or vegetable-mill,and both the juice and the fine pulp fed to the child. About all may be given thatis desired. There is not so much danger of overfeeding on this food as of overfeedingon milk and heavier foods, although it must be remembered that it is possible toovereat on the most perfect of foods and bring on digestive troubles.
LAST SIX MONTHS
For the last six months of the secondyear the meals should be cut down to three at the regular times.
The first meal may consist of fifty-fifty,followed with fruit.
The second meal may be of fifty-fiftyand raw vegetables. For the raw vegetables, any may be used that are desired, suchas lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, carrots, etc. They may all be run through a vegetable-millbefore serving.
The third meal should be of fifty-fifty,and followed with cooked vegetables--any of the green vegetables, not including thepotato, which is too starchy. A vegetable puree may be given occasionally.
The child does not need anything inthe line of starch until the third year is reached.
(TWO YEARS OF AGE)
The feeding for the third year maybe the same through the entire twelve months.
For the first meal of the day, everyother day oatmeal, or any of the cooked cereals, may be cooked to a jelly, and thenreduced with water to the consistency of good thick cream or buttermilk. This isto be eaten as slowly as possible with a teaspoon. All desired may be given, followedwith orange juice. The alternate days, use thoroughly dried whole-wheat toast inplace of the cooked cereal, followed with prunes, baked apple, or orange. Prunesor baked apple may take the place of orange juice.
For the second meal, fifty-fifty, followedwith raw or cooked vegetables.
The third meal should be the heavymeal. Tender lamb-stew may be followed with a vegetable potpourri and a raw vegetablesalad. The potpourri may be made by cutting up four or five vegetables--any exceptthe potato--into coarse pieces, and cooking until tender in just enough water tokeep from burning. Season with salt and butter.
The lamb may be alternated with rawegg beaten up with orange juice or milk, followed with vegetable potpourri and rawvegetable salad.
If the child is of good weight, itwill probably get along better with the meat dinner for the third meal each day.If, however, the child is of light weight, the meat may be used for the third mealof the day about four times a week, and about three times during the week use oneof the decidedly starchy foods in place of the meat with the potpourri and raw vegetablesalad. The meat and starch dinners may be alternated. For the starchy dinners, achange may be made each day, using either baked potato, corn bread, whole-wheat bread,or rice, etc. The breads should be well dried out, so as to stimulate thorough mastication.They may be eaten with a little butter-- unsalted preferred--and followed with therest of the meal. Milk may be substituted for meat or egg.
No Salt or Sugar Has Been Recommended.--Ihave not prescribed salt or sugar. Why add these condiments, when all children wouldthrive much better without them? If a salt-and-sugar habit is not developed in childhood,fiends for these life and health abbreviators are not so liable to be evolved afterchildhood.
Salt and sugar cause thirst, and thirstcauses excess weight in some children and grown people, and poverty of tissue inothers. The foundation for lifelong ill-health is often laid in childhood, in whichsalt and sugar play a large part, and to which rapid eating--failing to chew properly--addsvery largely.
Medical nomenclature has a whole listof diseases peculiar to children. This peculiarity is largely built by feeding themstarch with protein.
Eating milk and starch--milk and cerealor bread--at the same meal is a dietetic error that builds intestinal putrescence.
Why do I insist on no starch and proteinat the same meal? Because I would prevent the "contagious" diseases "peculiarto children." The eruptive diseases will be done away with forever when childrenare no longer fed starch and meat or milk in the same meal. Intestinal putrefactionis the so-called contagion that is supposed to be the cause of infectious diseasesepidemics. This is more fully explained in another chapter.
If it were not for teaching childrentable manners by example, they should be fed at a side table, or in a separate room,to keep them from wanting food which they see older people eat, but which is unfitfor them.
FOURTH YEAR (three years ofage ) TO SCHOOL AGE
Beginning with the fourth year: Forbreakfast, toasted bread and butter, which must be eaten dry, then follow with fruit;or give fresh fruit and all the milk desired.
At noon, toasted bread, vegetable soupmade without meat or milk, and combination vegetable salad; or fruit salad (apple,orange, grapes), or any combination desired; in winter, the Delicious apple.
At dinner in the evening, toasted whole-wheatbread, Shredded Wheat, corn bread, or baked potato, with a reasonable amount of unsaltedbutter; follow with vegetable puree, or vegetable or fruit salad. Prepare the pureeas follows: Cook equal parts by weight of spinach, cabbage, carrot, potato, and celery;run through, or rub through, a sieve or fruit-strainer; no dressing is necessary.A puree can be made of any combination of vegetables. Evening meals may vary: cornbread, butter, and salad; baked potatoes, or any toasted or dry bread, and unsaltedbutter, combination salad, ground or not, no dressing, or a salad of fruit if desired.Vegetables should be cooked tender and made into a puree, or the child may eat thevegetables without making them into a puree.
Dry or toasted whole-wheat bread shouldbe the regular bread for children. Change occasionally to Shredded Wheat or otherdry breads.
Children must be taught to eat drybreads before eating other foods at a meal, and positively no drinking should beallowed while eating. Americans will become toothless unless they learn to masticateand insalivate the foods, and unless they learn to feed their children in such amanner as not to produce intestinal putrescence, which cultivates "diseasespeculiar to children"; keeping in mind that putrescence is built by feedingstarch and protein in the same meal. Putrescence is at the bottom of early breaking-downof the teeth.
If the child is of good weight, theabove starchy dinners may be alternated with a meat meal. Well- cooked lamb-stew,eggs, chicken, or fish, being the lighter meats, are the best for children. The meatshould be followed with a large combination salad, and perhaps one cooked vegetable.Use the meat meals for about four nights a week, and the starch dinners for aboutthree nights, where the weight is good. If the child is thin and needs weight, thestarch dinners more often would suit better.
It is generally understood that meatshould not be fed to children. This is true when it is taken in the same meal withstarch, but the combinations of meat or milk and bread, or cottage or cream cheeseand any food made from grains are altogether to blame for any bad results.
The undernourished child is a bugbearof about all mothers and most doctors. This fear has no foundation in fact, exceptin famine-stricken countries. In this country, overfeeding and sickness are universal.The fact is that sickness is expected--indeed, looked for--by everybody, and a childthat has no sick report up to five years of age is a rarity--a rara avis.
Parents should know what causes enervationin children and know that an enervated child cannot digest food--any kind of food--aswell as when not enervated. A child, when very tired, should not be given heartyfood. If possible, it should be sent to bed supperless, or given fruit juice only.
Children often play too hard, and becomenervous, cross, and hysterical. When parents see their children becoming nervous,loud, and boisterous, they should stop their playing and have them lie down untilrested.
All the so-called epidemic diseasesof children affect only those with a cultivated gastro-intestinal irritability, withfrequent flares of indigestion--"catarrhal fevers." At the risk of springingan Irish bull, I will say that a child who is well will not be sick. A well-cared-forchild--one free from petty indigestions--is free from enlarged tonsils, adenoids,etc.
Children should be fed three timesa day, but they should not be urged to eat. When fussy for food at off hours, ifthey cannot take a piece of dry bread and eat it with a relish, they have appetite,not hunger. Clamoring for food, with no desire for plain, wholesome foods, is anindication of a morbid state--food-drunkenness--and should be corrected by withholdingall food until a relish for plain food returns. Unless such strenuous measures areadopted, with children or grown people, disease of a serious nature will develop.
Children returning from school clamoringfor food may be given an apple or orange.
Rapid eating, with insufficient chewing,must lead to digestive derangements. This is one of our national bad habits.
As soon as teeth are developed, a childshould be taught to masticate well.
Several years ago I went on recordas opposing the eating of starch (bread and cereals) and fruit together, becauseI observed fermentation frequently following that combination. I have since learnedthat the fermentation was caused by the milk that is almost invariably fed with bread,and insufficient insalivation, and by fresh bread and milk in combinations.
Breakfast.--Some form of starchsuch as toasted whole- wheat bread or Shredded Wheat, followed with fresh or sweetdried fruits. The bread should be well dried out and then toasted. Eat the starchfirst. Swallowing of starch should be delayed until the starch begins to turn sweetin the mouth, which it will do if the butter is unsalted and the bread carries butlittle. Those who would know when starch turns to sugar should demand bread and butterwithout salt. No one can insalivate moist or fresh bread as much as is necessaryto insure the perfect digestion of starch; hence only dry or toasted bread shouldbe eaten, and without salt in the bread and butter.
Occasionally a cereal may be takenin the winter time, dressed with a little butter and salt. The cereal should be cookedto a jelly. But only children in the best of health should be allowed this food,and then they should be taught to hold the cereal in the mouth long enough to mixit thoroughly with saliva before swallowing.
When the starch is all finished, fruitmay be taken. Avoid the tart fruits where there is a sensitive state of the stomach.In winter time, use the Delicious apple or winter pear. When fresh fruit cannot behad, use dried prunes and pears, soaked over night, not cooked.
The black fig is a fine winter fruitfood. In the summer time, fresh or cooked fruit (not too acid) may be eaten. Uncookedapples, or any cooked fruit, may be served. Occasionally baked apple may be givenin place of uncooked fruit. When the meal is finished, teakettle tea, as much asdesired, may be given. Cream and hot water (teakettle tea) after starch meals; milkand hot water (fifty-fifty) after fruit and cottage cheese or milk meals.
Lunch.--For lunch, toast andbutter, as recommended for breakfast. Follow with a vegetable soup and salad. Forchildren under seven years of age, the vegetables may be run through a vegetable-mill.The salad may be dressed with oil and lemon, or not, at the pleasure of the child.If no oil is used on the salad, more butter may be used on the toast.
Dinner.--Vegetable soup or puree,baked apple, prunes, or any cooked fruit, dressed with fifty-fifty milk and cream.Follow with as much fiftyfifty (milk and water) as the child wants.
If possible, feed children toastedbread that has been made without salt. Much bread contains a disagreeable amountof salt for even grown people who masticate and insalivate as they should. Boltingfood enables many people to eat bread so briny that it would be rejected if properlymasticated. The popular craze for candy would be ameliorated if everyone would masticateand insalivate starch as he should.
Children should be taught correct eatinghabits. Those who eat with the usual "limited express" speed will neverknow how much more bread they consume than they need. Such children should learnperfect mastication and insalivation. "As a twig is bent, the tree is inclined";hence the child should be taught to masticate. Ingrown habits are seldom, if ever,eradicated.
For children that are robust, fullof "pep," and carrying good weight, the above dinners are sufficient. Wherea child is lacking in "pep," and also in weight, the evening meal may bea little more substantial. Use meat one night and some form of starch the next, witha combination salad and one cooked vegetable. The lighter forms of meat should beused, such a lamb, chicken, fish, or eggs. The starches should be of the dry formmost of the time, so as to produce thorough mastication. Occasionally baked potato,rice, or macaroni may be used. It is usually necessary, when the soft starches areused, constantly to insist on thorough mastication, in order to bring about the propermixture of the starch with saliva in the mouth and prevent fermentation from takingplace.
BREAD AND MILK FOR CHILDREN
NOT AN IDEAL FOOD--OFTEN A POISON
Bread and milk eaten together is adietetic error; for it is eating starch and protein together. When we go to naturefor our food, we may eat her compounds of starch and protein with impunity; for hercompounds are blends of starch and protein, plus palpable and impalpable digestiveelements, the latter securing or insuring perfect digestion. But when nature's foodis analyzed and synthesized in our laboratories and kitchens, the aids to digestionare lost. Then, when eaten, indigestion follows.
Almost daily someone calls my attentionto inconsistencies in my writings, saying that I have changed my opinion on manythings; that my present writings nullify and make void much that is in books andmagazines which I have written before. Yes, I am moving on, and I intend to makemy present work obsolete, if possible. No one knows this better than I do! but sincewhen has it become a crime to grow, to move on? People who are consistent are notgrowing. I would rather retire from the practice of my profession than be compelledto give up the use of the discoveries I have made in the past two years. My book,"Toxemia Explained," boils down and abridges much that has gone before,and the Cook Book gives my latest views regarding food and food combinations.
I have taught the error of eating meatand bread together for a number of years, but I have not until recently made therule apply to all protein foods and starches. The "Cook Book" gives butfew menus containing starch and milk. This will cause a mild storm of protest frommany ex-patients, old and new readers. Some, no doubt, will turn to other healthteachers in their pique; but they will wabble back in time. The majority will pursuethe even tenor of their way and continue milk or fifty-fifty with starch, declaringthe old teaching good enough for them. The old, moss-grown antediluvians, with theirprotest that "what was good enough for my sires is good enough for me,"will be heard; for they are in at every food reform, and they will be heard on everyhand declaring: "Bread and milk have been eaten always; bread and milk havebeen eaten together since bread has been made and cows have been milked." Yes,and diseases that are built by starch and protein continue to fill hospitals.
Milk, when not tinkered with, is aperfect food, containing all the elements necessary for bodybuilding, and is digestedby the mouth and stomach secretions. Starch is digested by the mouth secretions.When the two are eaten together, the starch ferments, acid forms, and catarrh isbuilt. All so-called diseases begin with catarrh.
The human animal is endowed with vitalitywhich, if wisely conserved, may continue its life from one hundred to one hundredand fifty years. From the fact that the average life is not fifty years it is obviousthat something is radically wrong in our manner of living, bringing about the assassinationof the entire human race every fifty years. If we could guillotine the assassin--thehydra-headed monster whose heads are in continuous consultation, conspiring and evolvingnew and subtle schemes for inveigling the human family into camouflaged debaucheries,causing disease, premature aging, and death--we could in a few generations have youthand virile manhood coming into its greatest efficiency from seventy-five to one hundredand twenty-five years of age. The sensualism taught by this old hydra is made plausibleto minds befogged by the drunkenness of sensualism, when assured that disease isthe will of God and unavoidable, and attacks the ascetic as well as the indulgent.Besides, apprehension is assuaged by the great Science of Medicine, assuring immunityto all who submit to being immunized in time!
Disease is the sequence of wrong eatingand sensualism-- overindulgence and pleasure-madness.
The commonest form of overindulgenceis in eating, which develops, sooner or later, a sensitization--a systemic antipathyor aversion--to some particular kind of food. For example The excessive use of breadand milk, or bread and meat, in enervated and toxemic subjects, brings on a catarrhalstate of the mucous membranes. In children this state is marked by frequent coldsand catarrhal fevers. All the so-called diseases of childhood, including the eruptivefevers, are variations of one and the same "disease."
If children were never overfed, orfed when enervated, tired, or emotionally excited, they would be able to digest milkand bread together; but this is an ideal, the carrying out of which is possible,but not probable. Hence, to insure better health, and avoid putrescent infectioncontingent on eating starch and protein together, children should be given toastedwhole-wheat bread, and instructed in perfect mastication and insalivation. When thebread is eaten, it may be followed with fruit, or teakettle tea made of cream andhot water, not milk and hot water.
Milk has been the subject of more controversythan any other food. The hue and cry of public health officers has been "puremilk--milk free from germs--milk from healthy cows," etc., etc. Cleanlinessis certainly next to godliness--and far ahead of most godliness; but there is a worldof knowledge that enters not into the calculations of the genial host of the laborator--namely,what is the digestive capacity of the child that is to be fed pure milk? Iffed too much, the milk will ferment; for every child's digestive apparatus containsbacteria, and if fed beyond its capacity with certified milk, pasteurized milk, ormilk passed by censors of high or low degree, it will decompose, without apologiesto the highest tribunal of milk inspectors on earth. And, when it does, it is asdisease-producing as the vilest of the vile. The food inspector's jurisdiction endsat the mouth of the baby, and with the teeth, adenoids, tonsils, and immunizationof school children; but when adenoids and enlarged tonsils arrest the attention ofthe doctor, who is an ally of the public health and pure food commission, it is longafter pure milk has been regularly fed into a seething gehenna of fermentation beneaththe diaphragm of the child.
Fermentation from starch and decompositionfrom protein--milk--establish gastric catarrh; which means that the mucous membraneof the throat and stomach has become the seat of vicarious elimination of toxin,which fails to be eliminated in the regular way. Those crises of Toxemia are diagnosedtonsilitis or gastritis; and when there is much putrescence from the protein of themilk or other animal food, the type of sore throat will be ulcerative or diphtheritic.Scarlet fever, measles, and whooping-cough are varying types of a few of the symptom-complexesor so-called "diseases peculiar to children," but which are basically Toxemia--thefirst, last and only specific disease that animal life is heir to. All other so-calleddiseases are crises or systemic revolts, in which toxin is vicariously expelled fromthe body, and along with it any extraneous toxic or infectious material that mayhave fortuitously gained entrance.
Bread is cheap, and, to encourage itsconsumption by everybody, it has been dubbed "the staff of life." Whiteflour has received the condemnation of dietists of high and low degree; and, if itwere not for its intrinsic merits, it would have been consigned to the limbo of oblivionlong ago. White flour has better keeping qualities--it remains in status quomuch longer than the flours made from whole grain, because it is freed, in boltingof extraneous elements that force degeneration. If millers could clean wheat--removeparasites, smut, and fungi--whole-grain flours would keep equally well with whiteflour.
People with full digestive power canprotect themselves from a large intake of fungi, but there is a limit to even themost robust digestions. Large bread-consumers come to the end of their toleration,marked by digestive derangements; and there is no cure except to limit the amountto within their toleration. Nerve-energy must be equal to the demand required tokeep elimination equal to disintegration of tissue, if not, this toxic waste is retained,bringing on Toxemia--the foundation of all so-called diseases.
When the system is continually taxedby endeavoring to overcome ferments of all kinds--all kinds of stimulants, from bread,alcohol, tobacco, coffee, tea, and food excesses--energy is used up, enervation checkselimination, and Toxemia results. Then all kinds of symptom-complexes so-called diseases--becomeimminent. What the type will be depends upon what organs or tissues are stressedmost from habits and environments. Stomach derangements follow abuse to this organ.
When bread and milk are eaten together,the organism has two enemies to resist. (Food eaten to excess becomes an enemy.)If an excess of bread is eaten, and fresh fruit and vegetables follow, the latterhelps the digestion of the starch by opposing fermentation. If milk is taken withthe starch, both ferment, and catarrh follows. Milk, when not tampered with by pasteurization,and the cow not being poisoned by vaccination, has per se self-protection--resistanceto fermentation; but when starch is added, it ferments easily. But fresh fruit andvegetables (uncooked) taken with milk help its digestion.
Delicate men, women, and children arecontinually suffering from periodic attacks of indigestion brought on from eatingbread beyond their toleration. The whole grain carries a digestant which, if notruined in cooking, will aid the mouth secretions in its digestion. If milk is taken,it stimulates gastric secretion, which is acid, and the mouth secretion is alkaline.One neutralizes the other, leaving the bread and milk to take on a pathological fermentationinstead of a physiological fermentation, and indigestion and catarrh follow.
Most people remember that when theywere children and asked for more chicken, meat, fish or eggs, they were told: "No,you cannot have more unless you eat bread with it." Natural hunger calls forone food--a mono-diet; but mixing food has been taught, and bread, the staff of life,has been urged, and even forced. Today, in restaurants, the bread supplied is a gluttonousamount, while other foods are served in such frugal portions that people are forcedto eat bread or leave the table with appetite unsatisfied. Hunger and appetite arenot the same. Appetite is built by overeating.
There are very few subjects talkedmore about, and about which there is less known, than feeding of children--malnourishment,loss of appetite, underweight, etc., etc.
Medical science generally is now guessingthat vitamines have all to do with the nutrition of children. The vitamine insanitywill follow the insanity on calories and ductless glands to death unwept and unsung.A few absolutely solid facts concerning the cause of disease in children will stopthis everlasting search to find the cause of malnutrition.
It seems impossible for the medicalmind to grasp one great, big, prominent fact about the disease of children, and thatis that a child can eat too much, and that when it eats too much it loses its appetite.If the child were permitted to go without food until a demand was made by naturalhunger, and if it were then fed plain, wholesome food, with very little of the palate-ticklers,it would not be long before full health would be established.
Someone was kind enough to send mea clipping entitled "Cause of Lost Appetite." The article starts out bysaying: "Parents with offspring that have to be forced to eat will be glad toknow that scientists are on the trail of the reasons back of lack of appetite."I do not care who the individual is who wrote that sentence; if he could possiblyknow the amount of stupidity that will give birth to such stuff, I do not believehe would have the nerve to undertake to teach the public health. In the first place,parents are fools, and made fools of by the average doctor, when they force childrento eat. No one should be forced to eat. No good ever comes from it, and many childrenare made invalids by being importuned by mothers egged on by doctors.
The best possible remedy for lost appetitein a child is to keep food away from it until a real desire returns; then such achild will eat with a relish any of the staple foods. With the majority of people,when they undertake to coax a child to eat, the food offered is almost invariablyunsuitable--in fact, the worst selection possible out of a dietary that has broughton the child's ill-health and loss of appetite, and of a character that is inclinedto disturb the stomach and increase the child's ill-health, rather than to benefitit.
There is just one constant cause oflost appetite, and that is enervation, causing Toxemia. Overeating, imprudent eating,wrong food combinations, pushed to the point of satiety, are auxiliary causes. Thereis just one way to get away from this terrible affliction of lost appetite,and that is to go without food until the tongue is clean, the breath sweet, and thepatient shows in every movement that health is restored. Many children are broughtto me suffering with petit mal. What is the matter with them? Very few ofthem have a normal hunger. They all have appetite. They will eat something that isnot fit for them to eat, and perhaps only nibble at that. Such cases I put to bed,and they are given no food until they have all the appearance of health. Then theyare fed very little for perhaps a week, and the food is usually a little fruit, withraw-vegetable salads. As improvement takes place, hunger returns. A reasonable amountof whole-wheat bread is then added to the dietary, a few well-cooked vegetables,and later on milk; still later on, an egg or a very little meat once or twice a week.When I get through with these children, they will eat "out of your hand,"and they will eat anything. It does not take an X-ray to find out whether they aresick; for health is pictured upon their countenances and upon the use they make oftheir bodies.
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